When Violence is Beginning: Fanon and Decolonized Self

Main Article Content

ชุติเดช - เมธีชุติกุล


The article tries to answer the question: ‘how does Fanon’s concept of violence help to decolonize (the root of colonialism) and reconstruct the self?’ This article uses Nietzsche’s concept of Ressentiment to understand Fanon’s violence. Firstly, this paper will look at Fanon’s argument in ‘On Violence’ from The Wretched of the Earth. In the colonial world, colonizer will govern and dominate natives by using violence. However, the act of violence itself helps the natives in colonial area to become conscious of their new identity that will decolonize the one. If this explanation is understood through the concept of Ressentiment, it will reveal the possibilities after violence enlightened natives, their self and status is transforming to be equal with the white man/colonizer. In the past, the white man/colonizer ever taught them and justified the invasion. In other words, this concept explicitly explains Fanon’s violence, because the violence is instrument of colonizer, if natives use instead the one. Native will change their status same as colonizer, not becoming the colonizer, but to be the decolonized self. So, violence is beginning of the decolonization of the entirely new society.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
เมธีชุติกุล ช. .-. (2022). When Violence is Beginning: Fanon and Decolonized Self. Journal of Human Sciences, 23(3), 273–290. Retrieved from https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JHUMANS/article/view/262276
Academic Articles


Acampora, C. D. (2019). Nietzsche’s On the Genealogy of Morality: Moral Injury and Transformation. In Tom Stern (ed.), The New Cambridge Companion to Nietzsche, (pp. 222-246). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Ansell-Pearson, K. (1991). Nietzsche contra Rousseau: a study of Nietzsche’s moral and political thought. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Arendt, H. (1969). Crises of the Republic. Orlando: Harcourt Brace & Company.

Bell, D. (2001). The End of Ideology: On the Exhaustion of Political Ideas in the Fifties. Cambridge: Harvard Univerity Press.

Butler, J. (2008). Violence, Nonviolence: Sartre on Fanon. In Jonathan Judaken (ed.), Race after Sartre: Antiracism, Africana Existentialism, Postcolonialism, (pp. 211-231). New York: State University of New York Press.

Chow, R. (2002). The protestant ethnic and the spirit of capitalism. New York: Columbia University Press.

Fanon, F. (1963). The Wretched of the Earth, Richard Philcox (trans.). New York: Grove Press.

Gibson, N. (2003). Fanon: The Postcolonial Imagination. Cambridge, UK: Polity.

Geuss, R. (2019). The Future of Evil. In Simon way (ed.), Nietzsche's On the Genealogy of Morality: A Critical Guide, (pp. 12-23). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Janaway, C. (2007). Guilt, bad conscience, and Self-punishment. In Brian Leiter and Neil Sinhababu (eds.), Nietzsche and Morality, (pp. 138-154). New York: Oxford University Press.

Kawash, S. (1999). Terrorists and Vampires: Fanon’s Spectral Violence of Decolonization. In Anthony C. Alessandrini (ed.), Frantz Fanon: Critical Perspectives, (pp. 237-259). London: Routledge.

Leiter, B. (2015). Nietzsche on Morality. London: Routledge, 2nd edition.

Mbembe, A. (2001). On the Postcolony. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Mbembe, A. (2019). Necropolitlcs. Durham: Duke University Press.

Nayar, P. (2013). Frantz Fanon. New York: Routledge.

Nielsen, C. R. (2013). Frantz Fanon and the Négritude Movement: How Strategic Essentialism Subverts Manichean Binaries. Callaloo, 36(2), 342-352.

Nietzsche, F. (1989a). Beyond Good And Evil, Walter Kaufmann (trans.). New York: Vintage.

Nietzsche, F. (1989b). Ecce Homo, Walter Kaufmann (trans.), and On Genealogy of Morals, Walter Kaufmann and R. J. Hollingdale (trans.). New York: Vintage.

Rabaka, R. (2009). Africana Critical Theory: Reconstructing The Black Radical Tradition, From W. E. B. Du Bois and C. L. R. James to Frantz Fanon and Amilcar Cabral. New York: Lexington Books.

Rabaka, R. (2016). The Negritude Movement: W.E.B Du Bois, Leon Damas, Aime Cesaire, Leopold Senghor, Frantz Fanon, and the evolution of an insurgent idea. New York: Lexington Books.

Risse, M. (2008). Origins of Ressentiment and Sources of Normativity. Nietzsche-Studien, 32(1), 142-170.

Roberts, N. (2004). Fanon, Sartre, Violence, and Freedom. Sartre Studies International, 10(2), 139-160.

Said, E. (1999). Travelling Theory Reconsidered. In Nigel C. Gibson (ed.), Rethinking Fanon: the continuing dialogue, (pp. 197-214). Amherst: Humanity Books.

Scheler, M. (1992). On Feeling, Knowing, and Valuing: Selected Writings. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

TenHouten, W. D. (2018). From Ressentiment to Resentment as a Tertiary Emotion. Review of European Studies, 10(4), 49-64.

Tomelleri, S. (2015). Ressentiment: reflections on mimetic desire and society. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.

Tuinen, S. van. (2018). Introduction. In Sjoerd van Tuinen (ed.), The Polemics of Ressentiment: Variations on Nietzsche, (pp. 1-14). London: Bloomsbury.