When Violence is Beginning: Fanon and Decolonized Self
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The article tries to answer the question: ‘how does Fanon’s concept of violence help to decolonize (the root of colonialism) and reconstruct the self?’ This article uses Nietzsche’s concept of Ressentiment to understand Fanon’s violence. Firstly, this paper will look at Fanon’s argument in ‘On Violence’ from The Wretched of the Earth. In the colonial world, colonizer will govern and dominate natives by using violence. However, the act of violence itself helps the natives in colonial area to become conscious of their new identity that will decolonize the one. If this explanation is understood through the concept of Ressentiment, it will reveal the possibilities after violence enlightened natives, their self and status is transforming to be equal with the white man/colonizer. In the past, the white man/colonizer ever taught them and justified the invasion. In other words, this concept explicitly explains Fanon’s violence, because the violence is instrument of colonizer, if natives use instead the one. Native will change their status same as colonizer, not becoming the colonizer, but to be the decolonized self. So, violence is beginning of the decolonization of the entirely new society.
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