Significance of Pearl as Depicted in the Indian Nītiśāstra text Mānasollāsa

Main Article Content

Aroonwan Kongmebhol


This article aims to examine a Sanskrit literary selection related to pearl from Mānasollāsa – an Indian Nītiśāstra text ascribed to Someśvara III of Chalukya dynasty.  The selection is an excerpt from the theory on the treasury management, pronouncing the significance of marine treasury with the allusion of hindu cosmology and mythology of the cosmic ocean.  Interestingly, its substance can give us further insights into cultural value of pearl in Indian lapidaries : not only could it be a testimony to the fact that pearl is the most popularized gem figured in Indian literature ; but it also depicted, in the age of composition, the significance of pearl to the kingdom economics.  Moreover, the present author proposed that the main theme of the description would be associated with the standardization of gemstone weights and values, which is only found in the description of testing of pearls
(Muktāparīkṣā).  For the sake of academic purpose, the original text consisting of two print versions parallel and its Thai translation were provided in the article as well.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kongmebhol, A. (2022). Significance of Pearl as Depicted in the Indian Nītiśāstra text Mānasollāsa. Journal of Human Sciences, 23(3), 191–211. Retrieved from
Academic Articles


Aiyangar, N. (1987). Essays on Indo-Aryan Mythology. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services.

Andrews, T. (1998). A Dictionary of Nature Myths: Legends of the Earth, Sea, and Sky. USA: Oxford University Press.

Bhattacharyya, P. K. (1977). Historical Geography of Madhyapradesh from Early Records. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Dalal, R. (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. India: Penguin Books India.

Daniélou, A. (1991). Myths and Gods of India: The Classic Work on Hindu Polytheism. India: Inner Traditions International.

Garg, G. R. (1992). Encyclopaedia of The Hindu World Volume 2 (Ak-Aq). New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company.

Kongmebhol, Aroonwan. (2019). Essence and Significance of Indian Lapidaries [Doctoral Dissertation]. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University.

Macdonell, A. A. (1897). Vedic Mythology. Strassburg: Verlag Von Karl J. Trübner.

Santos, A. (2011). Atlantis: The Lost Continent Finally Found. USA: Atlantis Publications.

Williams, G. M. (2003). Handbook of Hindu Mythology. USA: Oxford University Press.




cf. = confer, compare (เปรียบเทียบ)

En. = English (ภาษาอังกฤษ)

lit. = literal meaning (ความหมายตามรูปศัพท์)


- มานโสลลาสะ และ อภิลษิตารถจินตามณิ ใช้ระบบ ปรกรณะ โศลก เช่น MU. 2.362 หมายถึง

มานโสลลาสะ ปรกรณะที่ 2 โศลกที่ 362

- ยุกติกัลปตรุ ใช้ระบบ หน้า : ลำดับคาถา เช่น YKT. 108:58–109:62 หมายถึง ยุกติกัลปตรุ หน้า 108 คาถาบทที่ 58 จนถึงหน้า 109 คาถาบทที่ 62


AC. Abhilasitārtha-cintāmaṇi

Vidyalankara, A. V., & Sastry, S. (Eds.). (1926).

Abhilaṣitārthacintāmaṇi of Someśvara Deva Part 1 Prakaranas 1-3. Mysore:

The Government Branch Press.

BrP. Brahma Purāṇa

(1) Shastri, J. L. (Ed.). (1955). Ancient Indian Tradition & Mythology : Brahma Purāṇa

Part I (Vol. 33). Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

(2) Vyasadeva. ([n.d.]). Brahma Purāṇa Part I. Bombay: Venkateshwar Steam Press.

KūrP. Kūrma Purāṇa

(1) Shastri, J. L. (Ed.) (1981). Ancient Indian Tradition & Mythology :The Kūrma Purāṇa Part I (Vol. 20). Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

(2) Swaminathan, C. R. (Ed.) (2002). The Kūrmamahā-purāṇam. Delhi: Nag Publisher.

MU. Mānasollāsa of Someśvara

Shrigondekar, G. K. (Ed.). (1925). Mānasollāsa of King Someśvara (Vol. 1). Baroda: Luhana Mitra Printing.

Ṛtus. Ṛtusaṃhāra of Kālidāsa

Kale, M. R. (Ed.). (1967). The Ritusamhara of Kalidasa (2nd ed.). Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

VBS. Varāhamihira’s Bṛhatsaṃhitā

Bhat, M. R. (2003). Varāhamihira’s Bṛhat Saṃhitā Part Two. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

ViS. Viṣṇusmṛti

(1) Jolly, J. (Ed.) (1962). Viṣṇu Smṛti (The Institute of Viṣṇu Together with Extracts from the Sanskrit Commentary of Nanda Paṇḍit Called Vaijayanti. Varanasi:

The Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office.

(2) Müller, F. M. (Ed.) (1990). The Institute of Viṣṇu. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers & Distributors.

YKT. Yukti-Kalpataru of Bhojarāja

Sastri, P. I. C. Ed.. (1917). yuktikalpataruḥ mahārāja-śrībhoja-viracitaḥ

(Yuktikalpataru by King Bhoja). Calcutta: Siddheswar Machine Press.

also Kongmebhol, Aroonwan. (2018). “Sarattha lae Khwam Samkhan khong Sat

Haeng Anyamani India Boran” [Essence and Significance of Ancient Indian

Lapidaries]. PhD thesis, Chulalongkorn University. (Appendix C pp. 160-282)