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The purposes of this study were (1) to investigate psychological strengths factors in the Thai context by using a psycho-lexical approach; and (2) to investigate relationships among psychological strengths factors and six factors of personality traits. The research was divided into 2 phases: (1) a psycho-lexical study aimed to identify psychological strengths factors in the Thai context; and (2) a correlational study aimed to examine relationships among psychological strengths factors and six factors of personality traits.
The research instruments in phase 1 consisted of (1) a record sheet for recording person descriptive terms; (2) a record sheet for checking congruence of judges searching person descriptive terms; and (3) a verification form for classifying of person descriptive terms. In phase 2, the sample was comprised of 1,042 undergraduate students enrolled in the first and second semester of 2019 academic year. The research instruments consisted of (1) the psychological strengths assessment; (2) the HEXACO inventory; and (3) personal data sheet.
The results of phase 1 study found that person descriptive terms reflecting psychological strengths and confirmed by experts consisted of 261 terms and could be classified into 22 groups. The results of phase 2 study found that (1) each of psychological strengths was correlated with six factors of personality traits; and (2) six factors of personality traits significantly predicted each of psychological strengths. In sum, conscientiousness was the personality trait that can predict most of the psychological strengths (14 strengths). Extraversion significantly predicted 7 strengths; while openness to experience significantly predicted 5 strengths. Emotionality significantly predicted 2 strengths. In addition, honesty-humility and agreeableness significantly predicted only one strength.
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