Main Article Content
This paper examines the imagination of natural disaster in a science fiction (SF) in order to explore the elements and the representation of uncontrollable natural catastrophe when human beings struggle for food supplies to survive in The Death of Grass. John Christopher imagines the horrifying landscape of virus attack on grain crops which has a great impact on our society with a sense of fear. In this study, Simon Estok’s idea of “ecophobia” (2009) is discussed in relation to the viral pandemic as a threat to humans and this study attempts to reveal Christopher’s ecological consciousness. The novel setting is a focal point of the Anthropocene when humans become the center of exploitation and natural resources have been depleted without environmental ethics. This paper aims to; first, study the representations of the natural disaster and ecophobia in literature as an apocalyptic vision in western culture via the ravaging virus on grain crops. Second, it discusses the novelist’s ecological awareness and environmental ethics embedded in the plot of natural catastrophe based on facts and imagination of SF which can be regarded as ecocritical writing.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Boonpromkul, P. (2019). Ecocriticism Niwet wichan: wannakam thammachat singwætlom lok [Ecocriticism นิเวศวิจารณ์: วรรณกรรม ธรรมชาติ สิ่งแวดล้อม โลก]. In
S. Chotiudompant (Eds.), nawa withi withi witthaya ruamsamai nai kansưksa wannakam [นววิถีวิธีวิทยาร่วมสมัยในการศึกษาวรรณกรรม] (pp.375-438). Bangkok: Siam.
Bogert, F., (1983). Nature through Science Fiction. In R. E. Myers (eds.). The Intersection of Science Fiction and Philosophy (pp.57-69). London: Greenwood Press.
Buell, L. (1995). The Environmental Imagination: Thoreau, Nature Writing, and the Formation of American Culture. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Castree, N., (2014). The Anthropocene and the Environmental Humanities: Extending the Conversation. Environmental Humanities, (5). 233-260.
Christopher, J., (2009). The Death of Grass. London: Penguin.
Collaway, E. (2016). Devastating wheat fungus appears in Asia for first time. Retreived from https://www.nature.com/news/devastating-wheat-fungus-appears-in-asia-for-first-time-1.19820
Collin, R. (2006). The Apocalyptic Vision, Environmentalism, and a Wider Embrace. Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment, 13(1). 1-11.
Cordle D., & De Cristofaro, D. (2018). Introduction: The Literature of the Anthropocene. C21 Literature: Journal of 21st-Century Writings. 6(1).
Ecophobia. (2020). Retrieved from https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/ecophobia
Estok, S. C., (2009). Theorizing in a Space of Ambivalent Openness: Ecocriticism and Ecophobia. Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment, 16(2). 203-222.
Griffiths, J., (1980). Disaster, Survival, and Salvation. In J. Griffiths. (Ed.) Three Tomorrows: American, British, and Soviet Fiction (pp.57-69). Basingstoke: MacMillan Press.
James, E. (1994). Science Fiction in the Twentieth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kurtagic, A. (n.d.). ‘John Christopher’s The Death of Grass’. Retreived from http://www.theoccidentalobserver.net/2010/11/john-christopher%E2%80%99s-the-death-of-grass/
Macfarlane, R. (2009). Introduction. In J. Christopher (eds). The Death of Grass. London: Penguin. v-x.
Mousoutzanis, A. (2011). Apocalypse SF. In M. Bould, A. M. Butler, A. Roberts, & S. Vint (eds), The Routledge Companion to Science Fiction (pp.358-362). London: Routledge.
Murphy, P. D. (2011). Environmentalism. In M. Bould, A. M. Butler, A. Roberts, & S. Vint. (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Science Fiction (pp.373-381). London: Routledge.
Priest, C. (2014). British Science Fiction. In P. Parrinder (eds.), Science Fiction: A Critical Guide (2nd ed.) (pp. 187-202). New York: Routledge.
Roberts, A. (2006). The History of Science Fiction. Hampshire: Palgrave.
Soper, K. (1995). What is Nature?. Oxford: Blackwell.
Suvin, D. (1988). Presuppositions in Science Fiction. Hong Kong: MacMillan Press.