The Switched Syllable Words in Standard Thai and Regional Dialects

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Rathchataphol Chaikiattitham

Abstract

This study aimed to compile switched syllable words in standard Thai and regional Thai dialect dictionaries and to analyze and compare the frequency and use of switched syllable words based on the dictionaries. The corpus used in this study were switched syllable words that had appeared in five volumes of standard Thai Dictionaries including Royal Institute Dictionary (2011), Dictionary of New Words Vol.1-2; Dictionary of new words vol.3; Matichon Dictionary; and “Khlang Kham” Dictionary The data from these dictionaries were analyzed and compared with those in six Regional Thai dialect dictionaries including two volumes of Northern Thai Dialect Dictionary: Lanna-Thai Dictionary (Mae Fah Luang Edition), and Lanna Language Dictionary; two volumes of North Eastern Thai Dialect Dictionary: Isaan-Thai-English Dictionary, and North Eastern Thai Dialect Dictionary; and two volumes of Southern Thai Dialect Dictionary: Southern Thai Dialect Dictionary (1982), and Southern Thai Dialect Dictionary (2007); The word formation theory of George Yule and principle of Thai word formation are implemented in this study. Research Findings: There are 3,953 switched syllable words in standard Thai and regional dialects dictionaries, in which 2,840 switched syllable words appeared in standard Thai Dictionary, (71.89%) and 1,113 switched syllable words occurred in Thai regional dialects Dictionary (28.11%). The number of the switched syllable words in standard Thai was 1,727 words higher than those in the regional Thai dialect, accounting for 43.78%. There were six common methods of switched syllable word formation in both standard Thai and regional dialects according to 849 pairs of the switched syllable word in this study. Double switched syllable words in standard Thai and Disappeared switched syllable words in Thai regional dialects of the highest use, which accounts for 416 pairs or 49.00 % of the total. This research findings reveal the number and the use of switched syllable words in standard Thai is higher than those in Thai regional dialects because of phonological, orthographical, morphological and semantic systems.

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How to Cite
Chaikiattitham, R. (2019). The Switched Syllable Words in Standard Thai and Regional Dialects. Journal of Human Sciences, 20(2), 171-194. Retrieved from https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JHUMANS/article/view/213169
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Research Articles

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