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This research aims to develop ontology for knowledge of Lanna textiles using qualitative approach by collecting data from related information resources, applied with Classification theory. It was found that content analysis of Lanna textile knowledge can be classified into 10 groups and 1,256 lexis. Hierarchical structure of knowledge of Lanna textiles can be categorized into eight groups, and three types of related basic knowledge can be divided into 40 subcategories, 173 concepts, and 728 lexis. Ontology development for knowledge of Lanna textiles comprises core knowledge domain and eight sub-knowledge domains consisting of (1) Lanna weaving materials; (2) Lanna weaving equipments; (3) raw materials used of Lanna textile production; (4) Lanna textile production process; (5) Lanna weaving techniques; (6) Lanna textile patterns; (7) Lanna textile types; and (8) Lanna textile products. There are three types of related basic knowledge of Lanna textiles which are (1) plants; (2) animals; and (3) colors. Ontology for Lanna textile knowledge comprises 42 main classes and 131 sub-classes. Ten types with 205 items of hierarchical relationship were found, along with 9 types of properties with 464 items, and 489 samples of instances. Ontology for knowledge of Lanna textiles were evaluated by three professionals; two of them are experts about Lanna textiles and the other one is the expert about ontology, so as to ensure the validity of ontology classification and structure and to verify if the completeness of structure and relationship within ontology for knowledge of Lanna textiles is accurate, thorough and related to Lanna cloth knowledge.
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