A Comparative Study of Discipline in Theravāda and Mahāyāna Buddhism

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พระครูปลัดณัฐพล จนฺทิโก(ประชุณหะ)


         This article focuses on aims to study the development of the Code of Trainings and to compare the Code of Trainings which was appeared in both of Pāṭimokkha or the fundamental precepts for Theravāda and Mahāyāna Buddhism and also to comprehend how to count the Code of Training, the increasing number of Code of training, the sequence and theirs objective. This research has been done through the documents and academic treaties both of Theravāda and Mahāyāna Buddhism.

        The result revealed that the disciplinary rule in Buddhism has happened in the modern era. Because some priests have behaved inappropriately with clerics. After Buddha's death was controversial dispute disciplinary rule minor who cannot reconcile. The First of chanting in unison which was leaded by Mahākasspa Thera, all Rules of Training shall not be withdrawn since then there were totally 227 of monastic rules. Venerable Purāna, the Mahāyānist prototype, did not accept the resolution of the Elders above mentioned. He insisted merely of what he has heard from the Buddha. After that, the 250 of monastic rules were observed by the Mahāyānists monks and handed down to present.

                Therefore, it is said that Sect of Buddhism after the Buddha's death about 100 years. Buddhism is divided in its opinion on the compliance discipline. Until the reign of Ashoka. It's divided into two sects, denominations, most clearly is Theravada Buddhism and Mahāyāna Buddhism. The main issue in the emergence of the two sects is that the equality in moral conducts and equality in view. And the importance of the chanting in unison made separately.


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จนฺทิโก(ประชุณหะ)พ. (2018). A Comparative Study of Discipline in Theravāda and Mahāyāna Buddhism. Journal of Human Sciences, 19(2), 102-124. Retrieved from https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JHUMANS/article/view/163221
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