A Peaceful Dialogue between Papua and Jakarta, Indonesia: A Critical Review

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Ridwan Ridwan


The political conflict in Papua has persisted since 1969 and has taken a toll in lives and property. Meanwhile, the military approach by the Indonesian government and the sporadic resistance of the Free Papuan Movement have not achieved Papua Tanah Damai (PTD) [Papua, the Land of Peace] for the Papuan people.  This academic paper uses a library research method focusing on a literature review that discusses the object of study. With regard to analysis, this study employs qualitative research, consisting of data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion. In addition, this paper is based on the author's long period of observation to produce a broader perspective on the Papua settlement. Indeed, since the 1998 reformation era, there has been an attempt to resolve Papua through dialogue, which became the policy of each Indonesian President, but with different implementation. However, peaceful dialogue is hard to achieve. This study explains the challenges to carrying out the dialogue through four issues: revisiting the declaration of Papua's Land of Peace; examining the policies of Indonesian Presidents towards Papua and the path of peaceful dialogue after the reform era; exploring a meaning of 'independence' that can contribute to the realization of peaceful dialogue; and explicating the political challenges that become obstacles to the Papua-Jakarta peace dialogue. To conclude, this paper argues that a complete settlement for Papua can only be reached through peaceful dialogue between Papua and Jakarta, Indonesia.

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How to Cite
Ridwan, R. (2023). A Peaceful Dialogue between Papua and Jakarta, Indonesia: A Critical Review. Journal of Human Rights and Peace Studies, 9(1). Retrieved from https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/HRPS/article/view/265823
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