Exploring the Factors Influencing Corrupt Behavior in Vietnam’s Public Sector through the Theory of Planned Behavior

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Nguyen Thi Thu Hoa
Nguyen Nghi Thanh


This research, grounded in the theory of planned behavior, investigates the determinants of corruption within Vietnam’s public sector. This theory posits that an individual’s intention to perform a specific behavior is influenced by their attitude towards the behavior, perceived social norms, and perceived control over the behavior. The present study argues that understanding the factors influencing corrupt practices can enhance anti-corruption measures in Vietnam. It identifies significant predictors of corrupt intentions by utilizing a multivariable linear regression model on a sample of 200 individuals selected through random sampling. It finds that positive attitudes towards corruption, perceived supportive norms of corruption, and a sense of control over corrupt actions significantly increase the likelihood of engaging in corruption, as indicated by regression coefficients of β = 0.153 (p = 0.001), β = 0.203 (p = 0.000), and β = 0.350 (p = 0.000), respectively. These results underscore the importance of effectively addressing these three key factors to combat corruption in Vietnam’s public sector.

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How to Cite
Nguyen Thi Thu Hoa, & Nguyen Nghi Thanh. (2024). Exploring the Factors Influencing Corrupt Behavior in Vietnam’s Public Sector through the Theory of Planned Behavior. Journal of Mekong Societies, 20(1), 23–47. Retrieved from https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/mekongjournal/article/view/268417
Author Biographies

Nguyen Thi Thu Hoa, National University in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam




Nguyen Nghi Thanh, Vietnam National Academy of Public Administration, Hanoi, Vietnam





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