A Symbol of Socialist Society: The Collective Living Quarters in Hanoi 1954-2000

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Tat Thanh Duong


The term “collective living quarters” in Hanoi is used to distinguish these structures from others with similar functions that were built from the 2000s onwards. These structures are imprints of Soviet architects and they are characteristic of Hanoi’s lifestyle in the past. The collective living quarters were constructed from 1954 to 2000 and soon became a symbol of modern life with all of the essential conditions integrated within a specific area. Their historical and cultural value is my main research focus. The research was based on three major sources of data, namely: 1) archives in Hanoi containing original records, documents, and government decisions; 2) relevant books and research papers published by several publishing houses or academic journals; and 3) fieldtrips and interviews. The research results reveal diverse perspectives regarding decisions on whether to keep or replace collective living quarters based on the value and impact of these structures on Hanoi. It is expected that the outcome of the research will reveal the position of collective living quarters in the historical process of Hanoi and offer some ideas for city development.


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Tat Thanh Duong. (2022). A Symbol of Socialist Society: The Collective Living Quarters in Hanoi 1954-2000. Journal of Mekong Societies, 18(2), 46–75. Retrieved from https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/mekongjournal/article/view/263100