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Changes in society and health service structures, which are relevant to socio-economic development in the Thai-Lao border area, have contributed to intensive formation of transnational social and institutional networks in recent years. This study examined networks of cross-border healthcare services in the border area between Vientiane, Lao PDR and Nong Khai, Thailand, using the actor-network theory and the qualitative approach. The informants consisted of 30 persons, including medical officials and Lao service users currently living in Laos who received cross-border medical services in Thailand. The research found four kinds of network transfers: 1) those transferring medical knowledge across borders; 2) business networks, including health insurance systems, hotel businesses and accommodations; 3) civil society networks in Lao PDR and Thailand; and 4) social networks, such as families and friends. These networks reflect the importance of both human and non-human actors that contribute to a variety of relationships through adaptation, negotiation, cooperation, and coordination in the Thai-Lao border area.
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