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The objectives of this research study are: 1) to study the environmental ethics of Thai-Lao culture and 2) to study the change in environmental ethical concepts of Thai-Lao culture in Mukdaharn province. The data were analyzed by theories of environmental ethics and presented in a descriptive analysis. The research found that the environmental ethics of culture in the Mekong region depend upon supernatural and religious beliefs in Thai-Lao culture, are in harmony with the environment, and reject all means of environmental exploitation. Moreover, they help us realize the value of the environment and assert that humans should treat the environment with care because we have a specific moral obligation to it. Environmental ethics encourage humans to consider the environment as being valuable in and of itself. Thus, the concepts are more holistic and communal than those of theo-centric and anthropocentric ethics. In recent years in Mekong societies, environmental concerns are often centered around the destruction of the environment as it affects lives rather than on the environment having value in and for itself. The present study showed that the current concepts in environmental ethics of Thai-Lao culture in Mukdaharn province are more likely to be those of anthropocentric ethics.
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