Intelligence Quotient and Emotional Quotient Affecting Body Mass Index Among School-Age Children: A Case Study of Nakhon Pathom Province

Authors

  • Sarun Kunwittaya National Institute for Child and Family Development, Mahidol University
  • Khanokporn Donjdee National Institute for Child and Family Development, Mahidol University
  • Orapin Lertawasadatrakul National Institute for Child and Family Development, Mahidol University
  • Nanthanat Songsiri National Institute for Child and Family Development, Mahidol University
  • Winanda Deesawas National Institute for Child and Family Development, Mahidol University

Keywords:

Emotional quotient, Intelligence quotient, Obesity, School-age children

Abstract

This study 1) measured the level of intelligence quotient (IQ), emotional quotient (EQ), and body mass index (BMI) in school-age children 2) compared the intelligence quotient (IQ) and emotional quotient (EQ) in school-age children according to personal factors and 3) investigated the individual, family and social factors affecting body mass index in school-age children in Nakhon Pathom Province. A total of 266 children aged 6-11 years old were randomly selected in each classroom from three schools in urban areas of Nakhon Pathom Province in Thailand using the convenience method for selection. IQ scores were assessed using the fourth edition of the test of nonverbal intelligence (TONI-4), and emotional intelligence (EQ) assessed by the emotional intelligence assessment questionnaire for children aged 6-11 years old, Department of Mental Health (DMH), Ministry of Public Health, Thailand. The data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics, independent Sample t-Test, One-way ANOVA, and multiple regression. The results showed that not more than 5% of parents had higher education level and 21.43% of the family and social status have a family income below 10,000 Thai Baht per month. Moreover, the parents’ education level is shown to impact BMI and IQ, while income status of family shows effects on EQ and IQ, also. However, individual factors, such as age in years, emotional quotient (EQ) and intelligence quotient (IQ) affected the body mass index in school-age children of urban areas of the Nakhon Pathom Province, Thailand (p<0.05).

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Published

2022-05-26