Thailand's Domestic Political Turmoil in 1992 and Its Impact on ASEAN Integration: An Analysis of Key Events and Decisions

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Xiangyun Li


This article aimed to study (1) the influence of Thailand's domestic political events in 1992, including the Black May crisis and the subsequent changes in leadership and governance, on the integration process of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN); (2) the role of Thailand’s domestic politics, particularly the economic and foreign policy decisions under the Anand Panyarachun and Chuan Leekpai administrations, in shaping ASEAN's economic integration, specifically the establishment of the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA); and (3) the broader implications of Thailand's internal political dynamics on regional cooperation and stability within ASEAN. The study employed a qualitative research methodology, utilizing interpretive analysis and documentary research as the primary methods for data collection. Historical documents, official records, and archival materials from the period under examination served as the primary sources. The analysis was conducted using Descriptive statistics and Content Analysis. The research results revealed that Thailand's domestic political turmoil in 1992 had a significant impact on ASEAN's integration process. The establishment of AFTA was notably influenced by Thailand’s internal political changes, reflecting the country's proactive role in promoting regional economic development. Furthermore, the study underscored how national political developments, characterized by a mix of democratic reform efforts and military influence, shaped Thailand's foreign policy towards ASEAN, thereby affecting the trajectory of regional cooperation and integration efforts within ASEAN.

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Li, X. (2023). Thailand’s Domestic Political Turmoil in 1992 and Its Impact on ASEAN Integration: An Analysis of Key Events and Decisions. International Journal of Multidisciplinary in Management and Tourism, 7(2), 269–282.
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