Lao Substratum Influence on the Ideophones of Khorat Language

  • Thananan Trongdee Chinese Section, Department of Thai and Oriental Languages, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mahasarakham University
Keywords: Khorat Language, Ideophones, Lao Substratum, Substratum Influence, Language Shift

Abstract

The origin of Khorat language has been a controversial issue among linguists. Three hypotheses are proposed. Firstly, Khorat is the result of the Yo system recoding to Bangkok Thai. Secondly, Khorat is a Lao dialect whose tones have been influenced by Central Thai. Thirdly, Khorat is a Lao dialect that has shifted to Thai but manifested Lao tone substratum. Most of the hypotheses, however, are based on phonological phenomena, especially the tone systems. In this article, evidence on category, structure and vocalic sound symbolism of ideophones in Khorat is proposed. It is found that some of the ideophone structures and vocalic sound symbolism in Khorat are exclusively the same as those in Lao. Therefore, the findings support the hypothesis that Khorat originated from a group of Lao speakers who had shifted their language to Thai but manifested Lao substratum influence on some ideophones.

 

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References

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Published
2020-06-28
How to Cite
Trongdee, T. (2020). Lao Substratum Influence on the Ideophones of Khorat Language. Journal of Letters, 49(1), 73-91. Retrieved from https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jletters/article/view/197636
Section
Research Articles / Academic Articles