Journal of Health, Physical Education and Recreation https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tahper <h1>Journal of Health, Physical Education and Recreation</h1> <p>เป็นวารสารเผยแพร่ความรู้ ผลงานวิจัย ข้อคิดเห็นที่เป็นประโยชน์ในทางวิชาการ เป็นสื่อกลางแลกเปลี่ยนข้อคิดเห็นทางวิชาการ <strong>ด้านสุขศึกษา พลศึกษา และนันทนาการ</strong> ตลอดจน<strong> สหวิทยาการต่าง ๆ ที่เกี่ยวข้องกับการพัฒนาสุขภาพ </strong>ของคณาจารย์ และนักวิชาการ สถาบันต่าง ๆ อีกทั้ง ยังส่งเสริมให้ผู้ทรงคุณวุฒิ คณาจารย์ นักวิชาการ และ นิสิต/นักศึกษาสถาบันต่าง ๆ ได้เผยแพร่ ผลงานวิชาการ ให้บริการทางวิชาการแก่สังคมในรูปแบบของวารสารวิชาการ ส่งบทความกับเราได้ที่ <a href="https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tahper/submission_guide">Click Here</a></p> <p> </p> Association of Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation of Thailand Faculty of Sports Science Chulalongkorn University Rama 1 Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330 Tel. 0-2218-1024 Fax 0-2218-1018 en-US Journal of Health, Physical Education and Recreation 0125-2674 <p>Critical thinking in journals is the right of the author. The Association of Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation of Thailand is not always required, to create diversity in ideas and creativity.</p> <p>ความคิด ข้อวิพากษ์ในวารสารเป้นสิทธิของผู้เขียน สมาคมสุขศึกษา พลศึกษา และสันทนาการแห่งประเทศไทยไม่จำเป็นต้องเห็นชอบด้วยเสมอไป เพื่อให้เกิดความหลากหลายในความคิดและความสร้างสรรค์</p> The Development of a Tracking and Evaluating Application of Basic Swimming Skills for Early Childhood Students https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tahper/article/view/261138 <p>This research was a research and development (R&amp;D) model which aimed to 1) develop a tracking and evaluating application of basic swimming skills for early childhood students, 2) evaluate the quality of a tracking and evaluating application of basic swimming skills for early childhood students and 3) study user satisfaction of a tracking and evaluating application of basic swimming skills for early childhood students. The target groups consisted of 5 experts, 2 PE teachers, and 30 parents of early childhood students who studying at Kensington International Kindergarten Bangkok. The research tools were the tracking and evaluating application of basic swimming skills for early childhood students, suitability assessment form and satisfaction questionnaire and the statistics used to analyze the data were Mean and Standard Deviation. The results showed that; 1) a tracking and evaluating application of basic swimming skills for early childhood students had accuracy value was equal 0.93 and the 6 levels of swimming practice test for early childhood had total mean accuracy value was equal 0.97. 2) The quality averages of the suitability of PE teachers and parents on a tracking and evaluating application of basic swimming skills for early childhood students were at the highest level. 3) The satisfaction averages of PE teachers and parents on a tracking and evaluating application of basic swimming skills for early childhood students were at the highest level.</p> Suwanna Kalharn Suppawan Vongsrangsap Copyright (c) 2024 Association of Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation of Thailand https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 50 1 1 11 The Effects of Circuit Training Program on Health-Related Physical Fitness for Secondary School Students at Watchotikaram School https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tahper/article/view/261666 <p>The study aimed 1) to compare the effects of the circuit training program on health-related physical fitness between the experimental group and the control group, 2) to compare the effects of the circuit training program on health-related physical fitness between males and females, and 3) to compare the effects of health-related physical fitness after week 4 and week 8. The samples in the study included 44 secondary school students from Watchotikaram School by Multi-Stage Sampling. Research instruments included 1) the circuit training program developed by the researcher 2) a physical fitness test by the Sport Science Bureau, Department of Physical Education, Ministry of Tourism and Sports. Regarding research methodology, the data were collected by the experimental group for 8 weeks and 3 days a week, which are Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. The practice began from 3:30 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. Health-related physical fitness was tested at 3-time intervals, namely before training, after week 4, and week 8. The results of the pre-training physical fitness test were used as a covariant in the research. Statistics for data analysis included mean, standard deviation, Three-way analysis of covariance with repeated measures, Two-way analysis of covariance with repeated measures, and Tukey’s Pairwise Mean Comparisons.</p> <p>Results<br />1. Health-related physical fitness between the experimental group and the control group found that the body mass index: BMI, sit and reach, 30 seconds modified push ups, and 3 minutes step up and down had no difference while 60-second sit-up had a statistically significant difference of 0.05 2. Health-related physical fitness between males and females found that the body mass index: BMI, sit and reach, 30 seconds modified push ups, 60-second sit-ups, and 3 minutes step up and down had no difference. 3. Health-related physical fitness after week 4 and week 8 found that the body mass index: BMI had no difference sit and reach, 30 seconds modified push ups, 60-second sit-ups, and 3 minutes step up and down had a statistically significant difference of 0.05.</p> Manachai Khanthachai Sirichai Sriprom Tharin Kanlueng Copyright (c) 2024 Association of Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation of Thailand https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 50 1 12 22 Effects of Exercise Promotion Programme using Simulation and Plyometric Exercise on Physical Fitness and Rowing Capabilities for Secondary School Students https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tahper/article/view/261962 Natthaphong Sutthichee Copyright (c) 2024 Association of Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation of Thailand https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-22 2024-04-22 50 1 Effects of Elastic Band Circuit Training Program on Health-Related Physical Fitness of Lower Secondary School Students https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tahper/article/view/262044 <p>The purposes of this research were 1) to compare the effects of elastic band circuit training program on secondary school students’ health-related physical fitness before and after the experiment of the experimental group. and 2) to compare the health-related physical fitness of secondary school students between an experimental group and a control group after the <br />experiment. Forty students participated in the study. The students were divided equally into two groups of 20 students each: an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group received an elastic band circuit training program. and the control group exercised as normal. The experimental group program lasts for 60 minutes a session, 3 sessions a week for 8 weeks. Physical fitness tests related to health were performed before and after the experiment. The data was analyzed using the mean standard deviation (SD), and the t-test was run at a significance level of.05. The results of the research were as follows: 1) After the experiment, the experimental group had better health-related physical fitness than before the experiment. statistically at the significant .05 level. 2) After the experiment, the experimental group had better health-related physical fitness than the control group at the significance at .05 level.</p> Fueanglada Boonloet Suthana Tingsabhat Ravisara Vathagavorakul Copyright (c) 2024 Association of Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation of Thailand https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 50 1 23 33 Developing Guidelines for Promoting Physical Activity for Employees Nakhon Pathom Rajabhat University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tahper/article/view/264692 <p>The objective of this research was to develop guidelines to promote physical activities for employees of Nakhon Pathom Rajabhat University. This was mixed method research. The target audience is divided into 3 groups. The first target group is 5 executives, the second target group is 288 employees of Nakhon Pathom Rajabhat University, and the third target group is 7 physical activity promotion specialists. The instrument used in this research was a Semi-structured Interview, and a rating scale with IOC 0.80 - 1.00 that was approved by 5 experts.</p> <p>The results of this research found that; The development of guidelines for promoting physical activities for employees of Nakhon Pathom Rajabhat University has a total of 7 aspects, 16 items; 1) planning to promote physical activity, (3 items); 2) organizing to promote physical activity, (2 items); 3) staffing to promote physical activity, (3 items); 4) directing to promote physical activity, (2 items); 5) coordinating to promote physical activity, (2 items); 6) reporting to promote physical activity, (1 item); and 7) budgeting to promote physical activity, (3 items), The development of guidelines for promoting physical activities for employees of Nakhon Pathom Rajabhat University can be used to promote physical activities for employees of Nakhon Pathom Rajabhat University.</p> Oraya Butaum Theeranan Tanphanich Copyright (c) 2024 Association of Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation of Thailand https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-22 2024-04-22 50 1 34 45 The The Development of Survival Swimming Practices to Protect Themselves from Drowning for Children Aged 9 – 12 https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tahper/article/view/264612 <p>The objectives of this research were 1) to development of survival swimming practices to protect themselves from drowning for children aged 9 - 12 2) to compare survival swimming skills for self-defense from drowning in children aged 9 - 12 years before and after training. The sample were 30 children aged 9 - 12 years who had never learned to swim before obtained by a specific selection method. The research instrument was a development of survival swimming practices to protect themselves from drowning for children aged 9 - 12. Data from these tests was statistically analyzed by examining mean, S.D., and paired t-test with in groups testing for a difference in mean.</p> <p> The research found that 1) the survival swimming practices to protect themselves from drowning for children aged 9 - 12 with content accuracy equal to 0.80 - 1.00 2) the results of comparison survival swimming skills for self-defense from drowning in children aged 9 - 12 years before and after training were significantly different at the .05 level.</p> Nuttanun Tummanont Suppawan Vongsrangsap Niromlee Makaje Copyright (c) 2024 Association of Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation of Thailand https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 50 1 46 54 Analysis of Intensity of Wheelchair Tennis Man Match - Played https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tahper/article/view/269316 <p>The purpose of this study was to compare intensity during simulated wheelchair tennis matches played between winners and losers. 8 male wheelchair tennis athletes from Thailand Team were participated in this study. Installed a Polar H10 wireless heart rate monitor and recorded the data using Polar Team software. The researcher simulated best of 3 match to measure the heart rate during the competition. Data were analyzed, using mean, standard deviation. The differences were compared using Independent T-Test at the 0.05 level of significance.</p> <p>The result showed that HRMax of winner group and loser group during the competition were no different at 0.05 level of significance. And heart rate at variables of intensity of winner group and loser group were 61% - 70% HRmax. difference was statistically significant at the 0.05 level.</p> <p><br />The result of this study will be helpful in developing a specific training program for wheelchair <br />tennis players.</p> Nattawut Maneesai Ploypailin Prachumsuk Niromlee Makaje Phatcharapon Sawat Phennipha Phunsawat Phunsawat Thawichai Khaothin Copyright (c) 2024 Association of Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation of Thailand https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 50 1 55 63 Knowledge and Exercise Behaviors of Student and Staff at Chitralada Technology Institute https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tahper/article/view/271288 <p>A study of knowledge and exercise behavior of students and personnel of the Chitralada Technology Institute has the following objectives: 1) to study knowledge of exercise, 2) to study exercise behavior, and 3) to study the relationship between knowledge and exercise behavior of students and personnel of Chitralada Technology Institute. The sample consisted of 275 students and staff. The research instrument was a questionnaire. The data was analyzed by frequency, percentage, and correlation test by Chi-square.</p> <p>The results showed that most of the sample were male 57.50%, were students 75.60%, aged 20 years or younger 47.27%, studying in the second year 32.21%, had a high level of exercise knowledge representing 95.30 percent. They exercised by walking, cycling, and running on Friday, Saturday and Sunday from 4:00 PM to 6:00 PM, 3-4 times/week, more than 30 minutes/time. Most of them exercise at their houses and the areas around their villages and public parks. The reasons for exercise were friends persuaded, keeping good shapes, and controlling weight/losing weight. The knowledge and exercise behavior were significantly related at .05.</p> Onuma Natseeta Copyright (c) 2024 Association of Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation of Thailand https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-22 2024-04-22 50 1 64 77 Health Promotion Activities to Develop Physical Fitness of Nakhon Phanom University Students https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tahper/article/view/271471 <p>The purposes of this research were to study effect of health promotion program to develop the physical fitness of students in NakhonPhanom University students. The research model was the one group pretest posttest experimental design. The sample group was 25 students which were purposive sampling. The instrument consisted of physical exercise activities program and physical fitness test. The experiment executed by participated in the developed physical exercise program for 8 weeks, five days a week, with 120 minutes a day. The physical fitness tests were collected at before and after the experiment. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and paired t-test with statistic significant level at .05. The results showed that the physical fitness in limb strength, body weight, body mass index, flexibility and oxygen consumption were increased at the .05 level of significance, but the subcutaneous fat and resting pulse were decreased with were not significant difference. When comparing the volunteers’ level of physical fitness to the criteria, it was discovered that female students had an average of 27.60 of subcutaneous fat. The degree of assessment was moderate on average. Males scored on average 19.50. The mean score was very low. The physical fitness of female flexibility was 9.54, the mean assessment level was low. Males had an average of 11.26. The mean rating was moderate. In terms of arm muscle strength, men and women's respective means were .46 and .55. The average score was low. The female had an average leg muscle strength score of 1.24 and an average rating of very good. The average for men was 1.51. The average score is moderate. As for the oxygen utilization capacity of females, the mean was 23.33 and the male was 26.52. The rating was relatively poor on average.</p> Sakchai Srisuk Watthanapong Khongsuebsor Copyright (c) 2024 Association of Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation of Thailand https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-22 2024-04-22 50 1 78 89 The Analysis of Angle and The Simulation of Joint Dynamic of Sprint in Youth Athletes of National Thailand Team https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tahper/article/view/272302 <p> </p> <p>The purposes of this research were to analyze angle in the sprint start of 100 meters dash and to simulate the dynamic of knee joint, the angle of body, angle of head and angle of foot of the youth athletes in sport schools of Thailand national sports university. 6 male athletes Thailand youth team were purposively selected as the sample group. Research instruments were still image and motion camera and angle test application. Video recording to gather data on starting block position of 6 athletes in 100 meters dash. 2 dimensional motion analysis by using Kinovea application to measure feet angle, knee angle, body angle, head angle, acceleration and speed of 100 meters dash. Statistical analysis were mean, Index of Qualitative Variation (IQV), force analysis both vertical and horizontal level in accordance with mechanics force analysis. The results were as follows: 1.The average degree as the athlete was in “Set Position” were as follows, The leading knee angle was 93.89 degree, The back knee angle was 127.17 degree, The body angle was 196.89 degree, The head angle was 42.67 degree. 2. The body angle as the athlete was in “GO” position was 49.11 degree. 3. The average degree of body angle as the athlete run for the first 10 meters, was 65.50 degree. 4.The average degree of body angle as the athlete run for the first 30 meters, was 74.00 degree. 5.The average speed for 100 meters was 10.92 seconds. 6. The average acceleration for 100 meters was 0.839 m/s<sup>2</sup> 7. While running the angle of the follow step of back foot should not more than 60 degree and the angle of leading step was around 60 degree.</p> Boonta Khakai Yupaporn Suvagai Pravet Ketkan Kttikul Rattanarungsikul Kittipong Pengsri Copyright (c) 2024 Association of Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation of Thailand https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-23 2024-04-23 50 1 90 105 A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of Mental Toughness Influencing Performance of Emergency Medical System Personnel, in the Situation of the New corona virus disease 2019 Outbreak https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tahper/article/view/273974 <p>This research aimed to analyze the confirmatory psychosocial resilience components of emergency medical personnel during the outbreak of the novel coronavirus 2019. The study employed a quantitative research design with a sample group consisting of emergency medical doctors, nurses, emergency medical practitioners, and volunteer emergency responders, totaling 223 individuals. The participants were selected using a simple random sampling method. The research instrument used was a questionnaire measuring the psychosocial resilience of emergency medical personnel during the outbreak of the novel coronavirus 2019, with seven levels of approximation. The questionnaire demonstrated a 0.812 alignment with the research objectives and had a Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient of 0.878. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, and structural equation modeling. The research findings indicated: <br />1) The psychosocial resilience components of emergency medical personnel during the outbreak of the novel coronavirus 2019 comprised four factors: challenging motivation, determined focus, self-control, and confidence, and 2) The confirmatory results of the psychosocial resilience components of emergency medical personnel during the outbreak of the novel coronavirus 2019 were consistent with observational data. The chi-square value was 103.224 with degrees of freedom (df) equal to 94 and a statistically significant p-value of 0.242. The Comparative Fit Index (CFI) was 0.997, the Goodness of Fit Index (GFI) was 0.969, the Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI) was 0.944, and the Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) was 0.017.</p> Thanong Thongphubate Daraka Palang Nalinrat Worachotphudinun Withoon Phothip Copyright (c) 2024 Association of Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation of Thailand https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-23 2024-04-23 50 1 106 117 Effects of Pulmonary Rehabilitation Programs on Affected Athletes Dust smaller than PM 2.5 microns https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tahper/article/view/273991 <p>This research is a quasi-experimental study that examines three measurement periods: before the experiment, during the experiment, and immediately after completing the experiment. The objective was to study and compare the effectiveness of lung capacity recovery programs on athletes who have been impacted by PM 2.5 fine dust pollution in Chiang Mai province, aged 18-25 years. The sample group consists of 150 athletes divided into three groups: experimental group 1, experimental group 2, and a control group, each consisting of 50 individuals. Experimental group 1 participated in a lung capacity recovery program using the Triflow device, while experimental group 2 participated using underwater breathing apparatus. The control group continued with their normal lifestyle. The study was conducted over a period of 8 weeks, collecting data through lung capacity assessments of the athletes at three time points: before the experiment, during the experiment, and after the experiment. The average values were compared using Independent Samples t-test and repeated measure ANOVA to analyze repeated measurements. The study found that after 4 and 8 weeks of the experiment, both experimental groups showed significantly higher lung capacity averages compared to the control group (p&lt;0.01). Based on these findings, it can be concluded that the lung capacity recovery program for athletes impacted by PM 2.5 fine dust pollution is effective and can significantly improve the average lung capacity of athletes.</p> Tiwanan Chaiprasit Copyright (c) 2024 Association of Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation of Thailand https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-23 2024-04-23 50 1 118 130 Physical Exercise Behavior of the Elderly and Effect of Dance sport in Cha Cha Cha on Cardiovascular Endurance https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tahper/article/view/273992 <p>This survey research aimed to investigate a physical exercise behavior of the elderly and effect of Dance sport in Cha Cha Cha on cardiovascular endurance. Before and after exercise to program with Dance sport in Cha Cha Cha. The sample used was 40 elderly people aged 60-69 years and over living in Chiang Mai municipality by purposive sampling. The research tools were general public physical fitness tests and exercise program with dancing in the rhythm of cha cha cha 3 days a week for 40 minutes per day for 8 weeks. The experiment was on group pretest and posttest, The data were analyzed by using Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. The results showed that: Exercise behavior of the elderly The sample group had a warm-up before exercising every time. Exercise continuously for at least 30 minutes per session and exercise at least 3 days per week. The endurance of the circulatory system before and after joining the program was higher than before joining the program different with statistical significance at .05 (p = .046).</p> Kullachada Srisai Narin Sangsrijun Withoon Phothip Siriporn Mayakul Wanida Nora Nora Copyright (c) 2024 Association of Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation of Thailand https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-23 2024-04-23 50 1 169 178