Journal of politics, administration and law https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal <p><span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: transparent; color: #000000; cursor: text; font-family: 'Noto Sans',Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">&nbsp;วารสารการเมือง การปกครอง และกฎหมาย คณะรัฐศาสตร์และนิติศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยบูรพา มีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อ......................................................โดยจัดทำเป็นวารสารราย 4 เดือน เผยแพร่ปีละ ...........แก่คณาจารย์ นักวิชาการ นิสิต <br>นักศึกษา ทั้งจากภายในและภายนอกสถาบัน และปัจจุบันวารสารการเมือง การบริหาร และกฎหมาย อยู่ในฐานข้อมูลระดับชาติ (TCI) กลุ่มที่ 1 ขณะนี้ คุณสามารถใช้ระบบเพื่อดูบทความ (Full Paper) ผ่านทางเว็บไซต์นี้ หรือ www.polsci-law.buu.ac.th สำหรับข้อมูลเพิ่มเติมโทร 03-8102-369 ต่อ 115 อีเมล์: <span id="cloak90110"><a href="mailto:polscilawjournal@gmail.com">polscilawjournal@gmail.com</a></span>&nbsp;</span></p> คณะรัฐศาสตร์และนิติศาสตร์ en-US Journal of politics, administration and law 1906-506X The Comparison of Online Business Trader Liability between Thai Law and Foreign Law https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/258745 <p>The purposes of this research were (1) to study the concepts, theories, definitions, and the source of the law that relate with the online business trader liability.; (2) to study the legal principles of the online business trader liability between Thai law and foreign law.; (3) to analyze the legal problems with the online business trader liability by the comparison of between Thai law and foreign law.; and (4) to summarize conclusions and recommendations in order to amend the provision that regarding the online business as use to examine the verification in Thailand. The study suggested that in each country such as, United States of America, Japan and the Republic of Singapore, all of these countries effort to make laws so that to develop with rapidly evolving of internet technology. These countries have many legal measures that relate with electronic commerce for example, the effectiveness electronic commerce operation, the privacy protection about personal information, the consumer protection and legal measures for safety prevention of crime or fraud. Besides, this research project proposes that in Thailand still has several laws aim to protect consumers under traditional commercial contracts. In according to the problems arise from the online trading, this would be apply by analogy law or general law that depending on the case that occurs with consumers online. The researcher has legal recommendations that aimed to protect the consumers who have transacted in electronics commerce with the online business. These requirements are the online operator's website should be show on the e-commerce operator license certified credibility, allocating the standard contract format so that to enforce with the business online partners and establishing the organization which dedicate to examine the online advertising for the selling products and services. Besides, to organize tax system toward the tax rules and tax rates into the Revenue Code for the online business so that to eliminate various problems. In order to protect the rights of the consumers which facilitates justice to the people according to the spirit of the law.</p> Kanjana Sukhaboon Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-02-25 2022-02-25 13 3 1 18 Multicultural Society Study for Implementation in Southern Border Provinces https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/258746 <p>This article is a documentary research article which is a part of qualitative research in the topic of Multicultural Society Policy Formulation and Implementation in Southern Border Provinces of Thailand. The research objectives are 1) study of multicultural society policy formulation in Southern Border Provinces of Thailand and 2) study of multicultural society policy implementation in Southern Border Provinces of Thailand. This article also presents the meaning of multicultural society which is the society consist of culture variety. The multicultural society character and type are the Conservative Multiculturalism, the Liberal Multiculturalism and the Critical Multiculturalism. Multicultural Society model from various countries such as Australia, Malaysia and international organization such as ASEAN. Finally, Thailand has formulated and Implemented the Multiculturalism Society to solve the insurgency problem in Southern Border Provinces of Thailand.</p> Jane Suksrithong Vichien Tansirikongkhon Samrit Yossomsakdi Pon Pisek Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-02-25 2022-02-25 13 3 19 35 Internal Control and Audit of Procurement Process and Public Supplies Management in the Eastern Universities Network System https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/259155 <p>The principal objectives of this research were to conduct a risk assessment of the public procurement process and public supplies management for internal auditing units in the Eastern Universities Network System and to create a framework for control and auditing by internal auditors using information technology in compliance with the national policy Thailand 4.0. This qualitative research employed mixed methods, which included in-depth-interviews, focus group, and action research. The study revealed that no information technology was used in the control and auditing in the Eastern Universities Network. Instead, reports from individual university’ procurement system, three-dimensional, MIS or e-GP were used together with document consulting. The researchers, therefore, developed an information system for the internal auditing units using the COSO principle to comply with the national policy Thailand 4.0. The focus of internal auditing was on confidence and consultation, thus prioritizing compliance and operational auditing. This technology development took in mind direct possible risks to units, faculties, and universities.</p> Nalinee Junyawattananon Banpot Wiroonratch Kadchaporn Noramart Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 13 3 36 54 Satisfaction and loyalty as an intermediate variable that connects the marketing mix to Purchase Intention use of GrabFood’s mobile application within around Thonburi, Bangkok https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/259157 <p>The objective of this study is: 1) To study marketing mix factors and satisfaction factor of loyalty factors to use GrabFood's mobile application of users within the Thonburi, Bangkok 2) To study satisfaction factors and loyalty factors as an intermediary variable that connects the marketing mix to purchase intention use of the GrabFood application of users around Thonburi, Bangkok. The instrument used in this research was a questionnaire by collecting data with GrabFood's mobile application that users presented in the Thonburi. The audience target of this survey is around 500 people according to Comrey and Lee (2013), the statistics used in this research consisted of (1) descriptive statistics. Including mean and (2) statistical analysis of Structural Equation Model (SEM) using by PLS Graph 3.0. The research findings revealed that most of the respondents are female, aged 20-30 years, married, earning less than 30,000 baht/month. The frequency of using GrabFood service in the previous month is around 2-5 times. The major reason to use GrabFood service is promotion. Thai is the most popular kind of food to order, and the top place to take the order is home or condominium. The research hypothesis test illustrated that the marketing mix is significantly related to satisfaction, brand loyalty and intention to use GrabFood mobile application among the respondents at .01 level. Satisfaction and brand loyalty are significantly related to intention to use GrabFood mobile application among the respondents at .01 level. The indirect influence of satisfaction and brand loyalty factors connecting the marketing mix with intention to use GrabFood mobile application among the respondents is not equal to 0</p> Sudtirak Nutchanat Sumalee Ramanust Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-14 2022-03-14 13 3 55 71 Motivation in operation of traffic police officers under the Metropolitan Police Division 5 Metropolitan Police https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/259159 <p>The research on “The motivation for the operation of the traffic police officers under the Metropolitan Police Division 5 Metropolitan Police Bureau” is quantitative research. To study the effect of personal factors on motivation and performance. To study the relationship between Motivation in work performance and employee motivation. Research samples include: Traffic policemen in the Metropolitan Police Division 5, Police Headquarters, 255 people. The tools used in this research were questionnaires. The collected data was analyzed using the software program. Statistics used Descriptive statistics were percentage, arithmetic mean, and standard deviation. Hypothesis testing was performed using t-test, One-way ANOVA, and Pearson Correlation. The research found that the majority of respondents were between 41-50 years of age, with a bachelor's degree, earning less than 15,000 baht a month. The sample consisted of 10- to 15-year-olds. The sample consisted of opinions on supporting factors in overall level. The motivation of the sample was at a moderate level. The results of the hypothesis test showed that Traffic policemen with different levels of education, rank, and age were significantly different in job motivation at the 0.05 level. Motivation and supporting factors correlated with motivation in practice. The work of traffic police officers was statistically significant at the 0.05 level.</p> Uten Raumsuk Anurat Anantanatorn Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-14 2022-03-14 13 3 72 88 The Management of Foreign Workers in Fishery Sector of Thailand https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/259160 <p>The objective of this research is to study and analyze the situation of foreign workers in the fisheries sector of Thailand. To study the problems and limitations of the implementation of government policies in managing foreign workers in the fisheries sector of Thailand. And to propose ways to improve the efficiency of alien labor management in the fisheries sector of Thailand The study model uses Qualitative Research by obtaining important informants, namely 1. Document Research and 2. In-depth interviews. Important informants are regional personnel. state Both the policy controller or urgent measures related to the marine fishery industry and the actual work of government, private sector, fishery industry operators Foreign migrant fisheries As well as 34 community leaders and people living in the fishery community. The results of the research are as follows: 1. Situation of foreign workers problems in the fishery sector of Thailand It is found that the number of foreign workers in the fishery sector of Thailand was 41,231 people, still there is a shortage of 30,000 - 40,000 workers. Information on illegal labor Between the years 2016 - 2019, the number of illegal fishing cases Both the labor and fishery cases in the amount of 5,135 cases, which has an impact on international confidence, which may cause sanctions in the purchase of fisheries from Thailand. 2. Problems and limitations of the implementation of government policies in managing migrant fisheries in Thailand found that 1) the lack of long-term policy planning And continuity in the management of foreign workers in the fishery sector. 2) Regulations / laws There is still an inequality of law enforcement. Unclear With redundancy And the lack of flexibility of the law Including legislation, there is no thorough study of the effects on the stakeholders. 3) Regarding the procedures, management of foreign workers, the fishery industry is under the responsibility of many departments. With redundancy Lack of integration of linked information 4) administrative resources Lack of administrative resources Both personnel are not enough. Lack of language communication skills with foreign workers Lack of tools And 5) external factors: it is found that a large number of foreign workersers working in the fishery sector are difficult to verify by government agencies. And 3. Guidelines for improving the efficiency of the management of foreign workers in the fishery sector of Thailand, the government should have long-term policies related to management in the fisheries sector. Reducing the number of foreign workers by focusing on the development of the fishing industry to motivate Thai workers to want to work in the fishery sector. As well as emphasizing the use of innovation and technology to expedite the push for foreign workers to enter the registration system completely By refraining from legal penalties for former offenses by foreign workers And aims to improve the quality of life for foreign workers in the fisheries sector to have a better life.</p> po.l weerachat Saengtawee Samrit Yotsomsak Anurat Anantanatorn Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-14 2022-03-14 13 3 89 105 Organizational Engagement of Out-Sourced Workers of Government Organization with Yearly Contract: A Case Study of Tourist Assistance Center Officers Under the Office of the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Tourism and Sports https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/259161 <p>This study aimed to (1) study the influence of personal motivation factor, job characteristics factor, and work experience factor to organizational engagement of out-sourced workers of government organization with yearly contract of Tourist Assistance Center officers under the Office of the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Tourism and Sports and (2) to study the influence of organizational engagement on job behavior of chartered service personnel in out-sourced workers of government organization with yearly contract of Tourist Assistance Center officers under the Office of the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Tourism and Sports. The researcher used the quantitative research methodology with questionnaires as a tool for collecting data from out-sourced workers of government organization with yearly contract of Tourist Assistance Center officers under the Office of the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Tourism and Sports, consisting of 219 people. The statistics used for data analysis were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and multiple regression analysis. The results indicated that (1) personal motivation factors had a positive influence on organizational engagement (2) job characteristics factor had a positive influence on organizational engagement (3) organization characteristics factor had a positive influence on organizational engagement (4) work experience factor had a positive influence on organizational engagement as well as (5) organizational engagement had a positive influence on job behavior.</p> Nutchaya Puengto Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-14 2022-03-14 13 3 106 121 Management of Innovation and Technology for Collabolative Faming in the Eastern Region https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/259162 <p>The purpose of this research is to study and analyze the impact, including steps in managing innovation and technology for large-scale rubber plantation farmers in the eastern region. This research is integrated research, which done by collecting qualitative data on eastern rubber plantation, agriculture entrepreneurs, and scholars. The data obtained is used for content analysis. The quantitative data is collected from the sample of are 400 rubber farmers. The results of the research showed that. The Innovative and technological factors affect the value-added of large-sized rubber farmers in the eastern region at the significant level of 0.05. In terms of production and decision-making processes, resulting in lower production costs.The Social system and technical design help improving farmers' skills and techniques that result in value-added. The group and team behavior result in behavior adjustment in the workplace. The manager experience and organizational history affect motivation when seeing people using technology innovation. The decision process results in problems solving on the use of technology. The technical management science resulting in a step-by-step learning process for skills, techniques, and methods. The financial system results in investment support regarding the allocation of investments. The technology innovation engineering activities result in the satisfaction assessment of farmers before and after participating in the project.</p> Pumares Chansawang Banpot Wiroonrath Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-14 2022-03-14 13 3 122 137 The Deprivation of Political Rights and Criminal Punishment Through the Perspective of the European Court of Human Rights https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/259163 <p>The deprivation of Political Rights measure, especially deprivation of the right to vote and to stand as a candidate at election measure is a measure that does not have a clear status yet which is a problem that has been debated whether it is a criminal law or not since there is an issue of retrospective enforcement by the Constitutional Court. These measures create a huge impact on people because they deprive rights and power of people under Democratic regime. Therefore, it is important whether the deprivation of Political Rights measure is a criminal offense and should be determined a status to set the regulation or not. European Court of Human Rights has been considered as a court that has rule status of the measures based on Human Rights Protection in many cases and release many noticeable rulings and criteria to be used to consider status of the measures which can be apply to determine status of plenty measures in Thailand. From the study, according to the European Court of Human Rights, the main factors that the court uses to consider status of the measures are enforcement purpose, condemnation, retribution, severity of measures, sources of measures and enforcement conditions. To consider the status of the deprivation of Political Rights measure together with these criteria, it shows that the European Court of Human Rights considers the status of the deprivation of Political Rights measure differently each case and each context which I found that there are some errors and mistakes from the trial of the European Court of Human Rights by using different criteria in each case. In my point of view, it is important to clearly specify which factors should be primarily taken to consider status of the measures which can be also called as a guideline. If the first criteria that should be taken cannot be clearly set, other factors will be consider accordingly. Otherwise, the consideration of status of the measures will only rely on context of each case. From my view, enforcement purpose, condemnation, retribution, severity of measures is the first group of criteria that shows the criminal offense characteristic. Also the deprivation of Political Rights measure, especially deprivation of the right to vote and to stand as a candidate at election measure have the characteristics of criminal punishment. Therefore, to enforce these measures is necessary to make it according to the principle of legality.</p> Chanurak Sivakul Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-14 2022-03-14 13 3 138 158 Organization efficiency applying 7s McKinsey https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/259165 <p>Efficiency is a matter of taking factors and processes in an operation with the output being shown. Efficiency of any operation, the performance value may be expressed as a comparison between the investment expenditures and the profits received. Which, if the profit is higher than the cost, the greater the efficiency. Performance may not be expressed as a numerical performance value. Rather, it is shown by documenting the economical use of money, materials, manpower and operating time without unnecessary wasted. Including appropriate strategies or techniques and practices that can lead to quick, relevant and quality results. The implementation of the McKinsey 7s concept of promoting organizational efficiency is widely and popular among organizations today. This concept was first published in 1980 by Robert Waterman, Tom Peter and Julien Phillips. The idea is to present that the effectiveness of a business organization arises from the relationship of seven factors of a business that are characterized as follows: strategy, structure, system, skills, staff, style, and shared values.</p> Kasira Nitidhananunt Arun Ractham Pensri Chirinang Udomvit Chaisakunkerd Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 13 3 159 167 Service Quality of Financial and Accounting Operation of Political Science and Law, Burapha University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/259166 <p>The research on Service of Financial and Accounting Operation of Political Science and Law, Burapha University. aims to survey the opinions of users regarding to quality of financial and accounting operations service and examine the behavior of users including a type of service, frequency, date, and period of requesting to get service. the questionnaire was used to collect data from 64 participants. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics including frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation. The result showed that the frequencies of getting service was less than 2 days per week. The mostly get service of participants was reimbursement service. Majority of participants prefer to get service during 1 PM to 4 PM on Friday. The overall opinions of users regarding to quality of the financial and accounting operations service in Faculty of Political Science and Law Burapha University was high level of suitability. To consider in each aspect found that the highest score average was a confidence to get service from the financial and accounting service of Faculty of Political Science and Law, Burapha university, followed by a reliability, attentiveness, substantiality and responsiveness, respectively.</p> Maneerat Khaipilap Pariyapat Kanka Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-14 2022-03-14 13 3 168 195 บรรยากาศองค์การ วัฒนธรรมองค์การและระบบบริหารนิรภัยการบิน ของพนักงานในฝ่ายช่าง (ดอนเมือง) บริษัท การบินไทย จำกัด (มหาชน) https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/259167 <p>The main purpose of this paper was to investigate the level of relationships and the influences among Organization Climate, Organization Culture and Safety Management System Of the employees in the Technician Department (Don Mueang), Thai Airways International Public Company Limited, the population is 1882 employees working in the Technician Department (Don Mueang), Thai Airways International Public Company Limited, the required sample group was 333 people.The research results were found that Couple relationship between Organization Climate, Organizational Culture and Safety Management System Of the employees in the Technician Department (Donmueang) of Thai Airways International Public Company Limited had a significantly positive relationship with all pairs and found that the Organizational Climate, Organizational Culture has a significantly positive influence on the Safety Management System. And a quadratic multiple correlation coefficient showed that 64.90 percent Of variance in flight safety management system variables of employees in the Thai Airways International Public Company Limited Technician Department can be described by Organizational atmosphere and organizational culture</p> Rungradit Kongyoungyune Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-14 2022-03-14 13 3 196 208 Factor Affecting to Quality of Life of Military Officials in the 2nd Battalion of Infantry Regiment 111 in Taboonmee Sub-district, Khochan District, Chon Buri Province https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/259169 <p>This research work aimed 1) To study quality of life of military officials in the 2nd battalion of infantry regiment 111 in Taboonmee sub-district, Khochan District, Chon Buri Province and 2) To explore Factor affecting to quality of life of military officials in the 2nd battalion of infantry regiment 111 in Taboonmee sub-district, Khochan District, Chon Buri Province. The samples of this research were 217 military officials in the 2nd battalion of infantry regiment 111 in Taboonmee sub-district, Khochan District, Chon Buri Province. The instrument used in this study was a questionnaire. The statistics used in data analysis composed of frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation. T-test, One-way ANOVA, and Pearson Correlation at statistical significance of .05 were used for hypothesis test. The result showed that : 1. For the exploration of the quality of life of military officials in the 2nd battalion of infantry regiment 111 in Taboonmee sub-district, Khochan District, Chon Buri Province was at a high level in overall. When each aspect was examined, it was found that, in every aspect, the level of quality of life was high. When considering each side It was found that the mean was at a high level of 6 aspects, ordered in descending order as follows. Ideological Morality and ethics Followed by welfare Physical health Residential side The costumes, bedding, personal belongings And food and nutrition And there were 3 aspects of the average level, which were in descending order as follows. Social relations And fair and sufficient returns. 2. The hypothesis testing found that personnel with different mean monthly income. There is a different quality of life in the workplace. With statistical significance at the .05 level. 3. The hypothesis testing found that the overall job factor in social support from the chief Corporate support And the relationship in the agency There was a positive relationship with the quality of life of the personnel. With statistical significance at the .05 level.</p> Ronnarong Sengmee Teerapong Puripanik Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-14 2022-03-14 13 3 209 223 A Model of Organizational Leadership to Develop Highly Effective Followers https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/259170 <p>Building good managerial relationships and developing subordinates can increase productivity and keep good employees in the organization over the long term. By learning to be transformational leaders, you can learn the following: 1) Idealized Influence or Charisma with ideology, vision, managerial abilities, Emotional and ethical. 2) Inspirational motivation is a motivation within, such as creating positive attitudes and encouraging team spirit to come alive. 3) Intellectual stimulation is the leader encourage followers to be mindful of problems that arise in the organization and department. Causing followers to find new solutions to solve problems by finding a better conclusion to bring about something new and creative. 4) Individualized consideration, The leader relates to the individual as a leader in caring for individual followers and make followers feel valued and important. Leader will act as coach and advisor for follower development. In conclusion, it can be said that being a good leader sacrifice must be known, listen to the opinions of the followers as well as to set a good example for the followers to obey and perform the work as the leader commands. These behaviors will enable employees to produce quality, low-cost products, services deliver on time and satisfying the customer (Bass, 1985 cited by Sophon Phukao). A follower can develop to become a leader. The highly effective follower will be able to accomplish the task of accomplishing the organization's goals. It should have the following characteristics: 1) Able to think and make self-management planning, seeing that they have the ability to manage as leaders as well; 2) Work with determination and adhere to the ultimate goals of the organization. If encountering problems and obstacles in the operation, it will consider modifying the working direction or requesting changes in the leadership. 3) Strengthening and continually developing oneself by striving to learn and practice skills and expertise. To looking for additional special responsibility jobs with pleasure and responsible for the work. 4) Have courage by take risks to think, say and do, even if you make a mistake. To giving leaders and people in the organization confidence and Trust (Wachakana Kanjanaphat, 2013, p. 46). As for the relationship between leaders and followers, it is important to retain employees. Quality to be with the organization for a long time is a policy factor that can drive and create an organizational culture for all employees as a guideline for action such as management of quality systems throughout the organization. Establishing an organization's strategy Human Resource Management Developing organizations in various fields as well as being a learning organization. The researcher used a combination of research. Using Qualitative Research Methodology and Quantitative Research study the relationship to the development of leaders and followers from organizations that received the TQA (Thailand Quality Award) and well-managed organizations. In-depth interviews were used to collect data from senior executives who were Thai nationals and using Quantitative research methodology by using important variables of each organization to synthesize information through content analysis to do questionnaires and using descriptive statistics in interpreting various meanings by confirm the research results with a focus group.</p> Thanee Chaosoun Suchonnee Methiyothin Amnad Saleenukul Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-14 2022-03-14 13 3 224 239 Similarities and Differences of Coworking Space in Thai Universities https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/259171 <p>Coworking Space is a shared workspace that is growing in popularity nowadays due to its flexibility –work staff, workplaces, and work time are optional. Also, Thai government places great importance on this issue, universities are allocated budgets for the management of coworking spaces to promote learning and connections between the public, private, and educational sectors. Meanwhile, the government emphasizes on ‘Work-From-Home’. Therefore, coworking space has become the tool used to follow these two policies. The aim of this article is to study the similarities and differences of Coworking Space in five Thai universities, consisting of Chulalongkorn University, Thammasat University, Chiang Mai University, Khon Kaen University, and Walailak University were investigated. 12 categories were studied: name, purposes, locations, spaces and layouts, budgets, divisions in charge, regulations, types of services, clients, fees, full-time staff, and advertising channels. Results revealed that management approaches, types of services, and some other details were varied across the areas, depending on the context and the identity of each area. Nevertheless, the major aspect shared among these universities was found: coworking spaces were created to provide the common areas for the public, private, and educational sectors to participate to exchange ideas and establish local networks.</p> Pariyachat Sukcharoen Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-14 2022-03-14 13 3 240 256 The Relationship Between Quality of Work Life and Organizational Commitment of the Agricultural Extension Officer in Chiangmai Provincial Agricultural Extension Office https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/259172 <p>This research aimed 1) to explore the quality of work life and the organizational commitment of the agricultural extension officer in Chiangmai provincial agricultural extension office 2) to compare their organizational commitment categorized by personal factors and 3) to find out the relationship between their quality of work life and their organizational commitment. This study was a quantitative research. The sample of 104 cases were drawn from the agricultural extension officer in Chiangmai provincial agricultural extension office. Data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, One-Way ANOVA and Pearson Correlation Coefficient at the .05 level of significance. The findings indicated that there are the quality of work life and organizational commitment of the agricultural extension officer in Chiangmai provincial agricultural extension office at high level. The hypothesis testing revealed that gender, age, marital status, education level, job position, years’ experience and rate of salary of the agricultural extension officer caused no difference in organizational commitment. Moreover the relationship between their quality of work life and their organizational commitment was in the high level.</p> Pajaree Nanna Piyakorn Whangmahaporn Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-14 2022-03-14 13 3 257 276 Strategy and Innovation https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/polscilaw_journal/article/view/259173 <p>Stalk et al. (1992) states that competitiveness is based on four principles: 1. Organizational strategy does not depend on product or market. But it depends on the business process. 2. The success of the competition depends on the core processes of the organization and to provide value to customers. 3. Organization employs investment strategies in Business Units (SBUs). 4. Ability to manage cross functions is the ability to make a strategy for every function of senior management (CEO) Generic strategies for innovation are based on the theory of competitive advantage which pays attention to the rewards that are worthwhile. This can be divided into 3 strategies as follows: 1) Strategies to focus on the product, market and target groups (Product-market-focussed strategies) 2) Strategies, opportunities, risks, target groups. (Opportunity-risk-focussed strategies). These strategies are based on risks and trends for the future. Miles and Snow's (1978) classifies these strategies into four categories: 2.1) Progressive-minded organizations. (Prospectors) 2.2) Organization with an analytical mindset (Analyzers) 2.3) Organization with mindset to protect themselves (Defenders) 2.4) Organization with inactive thoughts (Reactors) and 3) Strategies, time, industry and in mind. Time-based (Industry-and competitor-focussed) strategies</p> Khemaree Rugchoochip Ekkawit Maneethorn Jirasak Surungkapiprat Sirapatsorn Wongthongdee Poonsak Sangsunt Naiyana Ratansuwanachart Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-14 2022-03-14 13 3 277 290