Journal of politics, administration and law 2024-03-15T10:31:54+07:00 รศ.ว่าที่เรือตรี ดร. เอกวิทย์ มณีธร [email protected] Open Journal Systems <p><span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: transparent; color: #000000; cursor: text; font-family: 'Noto Sans',Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">&nbsp;วารสารการเมือง การปกครอง และกฎหมาย คณะรัฐศาสตร์และนิติศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยบูรพา มีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อ......................................................โดยจัดทำเป็นวารสารราย 4 เดือน เผยแพร่ปีละ ...........แก่คณาจารย์ นักวิชาการ นิสิต <br>นักศึกษา ทั้งจากภายในและภายนอกสถาบัน และปัจจุบันวารสารการเมือง การบริหาร และกฎหมาย อยู่ในฐานข้อมูลระดับชาติ (TCI) กลุ่มที่ 1 ขณะนี้ คุณสามารถใช้ระบบเพื่อดูบทความ (Full Paper) ผ่านทางเว็บไซต์นี้ หรือ สำหรับข้อมูลเพิ่มเติมโทร 03-8102-369 ต่อ 115 อีเมล์: <span id="cloak90110"><a href="mailto:[email protected]">[email protected]</a></span>&nbsp;</span></p> The Guidelines of the Government Officials Discretion within the Framework of Law: The Case Study of the Entrepreneurs Assistance Measures in the Epidemic Situation of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 2023-10-27T15:48:21+07:00 Kanjana Sukhaboon [email protected] <p> The purpose of this research was (1) to study the Entrepreneurs Assistance Measures.; (2) to study the problem of the Government Officials Discretion.; and (3) to offer the guidelines for the Government Officials Discretion within framework of law according to the Entrepreneurs Assistance Measures in the Epidemic Situation of the Coronavirus Disease 2019. This is documentary research. From this situation, the government has issued the measures for public health management, economy and society. A curfew has been announced under the Royal Decree on Public Administration in Emergency Situations B.E. 2548. From the spread of the virus, the entrepreneurs and various business groups are affected in all sectors. The government has imposed remedial measures in order to alleviate suffering from time to time continuously such as; the low-interest credit measures, the suspending on principal debt with reduce interest rates and extending the repayment period measures, the Rao-Chana Project, the section 33: We Love Each Other project and the measures of determine fine rates according to the Government Procurement and Supplies Management Act, B.E. 2560, etc.</p> <p> The research results found that the implements in various measures to remedy the situation still encounter the problem of adoption. Due to conduct of the Emergency Decree on Public Administration in Emergency Situations B.E. 2548, which is the law on maintaining state security but used to apply with the epidemic of communicable diseases situation, which is the public health threat. This Law was not set up to solve the problems of contagious diseases. These was not only cause to effect in unclear law enforcement of the authorities, but also contained the provisions excluding the jurisdiction of the Administrative Court. As a result, the Administrative Court was unable to control and inspect the exercise of the executive's discretion. For including problems, the authorities were not using the discretion due to lack of knowledge and understanding in discretion. Furthermore, as the reason at delay in exercising discretionary powers for assisting entrepreneurs despite that empowered by law.</p> <p> The researcher has recommendations that the Government should be reviewed the measures if there are infectious disease outbreak situation that will occur in the future.; Propose to amend the other laws that will be applied when the epidemic situation of a communicable disease occurs.; Separate the public health emergency management mechanism from the normal national security emergency system in clearly.; Raise the importance of mitigating impacts that damage on people and businesses. Besides this, the Government should plan for long-term support in order to formulate remedial measures to cover various businesses that must be closed their business due to the lockdown measures.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Human Capital Social Capital and Organizational Effectiveness of Police Stations under Provincial Police Headquarters Region 1-9 2023-12-19T13:49:45+07:00 Paijit Sakarunt [email protected] Usanee Mongkolpitaksuk [email protected] <p> The objectives of this study were; 1) to study the levels of human capital, social capital and organizational effectiveness of police stations under provincial police headquarters region 1-9., 2) to study the influence of human capital on organizational effectiveness of police stations under provincial police headquarters region 1-9., 3) to study the influence of social capital on organizational effectiveness of police stations under provincial police headquarters region 1-9. and 4) to study the influence of human capital and social capital on organizational effectiveness of police stations under provincial police headquarters region 1-9. The populations were 1,394 police stations. The samples were 301 police stations selected by multi-stage sampling technique. The respondents including 1,450 police officers from 290 police stations. The research instruments were 5 rating scales questionnaires. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the inferential statistics. Structural Equation Modeling was applied as the analysis data method. The research result revealed that: 1) Human capital, social capital and organizational effectiveness of police stations under provincial police headquarters region 1-9 were at a high level. 2) Human capital had influenced statistically significant on organizational effectiveness of police stations under provincial police headquarters region 1-9. (γ = 0.776,<em> p</em>&lt;.01) 3) Social capital had influenced statistically significant on organizational effectiveness of police stations under provincial police headquarters region 1-9 (γ = 0.214,<em> p</em>&lt;.01) 4) Organizational effectiveness of police stations under provincial police headquarters region 1-9 was strongly influenced by human capital and social capital. (<em>R<sup>2</sup></em> = 0.881) In full model test, it described that the complete measurement fulfils the minimum required values of Goodness of-Fit (GoF) model which were mentioned respectively as follow: (χ<sup>2</sup> = 820.427; df = 195; <em> p-</em>value = 0.067; χ<sup>2</sup>/<em>df </em>= 4.207; RMSEA = 0.217; 90% CI on RMSEA = 0.104; CFI<em>=</em> 0.945; NNFI (TLI) = 0.958; SRMR = 0.047)</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Comparison of the Efficiency of Non-Academic Staff’s Online Communication Services with Respect to Undergraduate Level Case study: Prince of Songkla University, Hatyai Campus 2023-07-19T13:52:52+07:00 Banpot Wiroonratch [email protected] Attaporn Wangpoonsarp [email protected] Patiphat Plodthong [email protected] Raepeepun Tachapatanasakul [email protected] <p> The goal of this study was to examine the efficiency of the system of various online communication services offered by non-academic staff at the Prince of Songkla University's Hat Yai Campus. The study was quantitative research. The population was 20,353 undergraduates. Taro Yamane's formula was used for random sampling. The sample size was 393 students. For the analysis of statistical data, t-tests, independent sample t-tests, and F-tests were used. The sample group thought that the efficiency of online communication services was very high. From the hypothesis testing, it was found that undergraduates of different genders had no difference in receiving online services. The first-year students perceived that they received more efficient services than the third-year students. In other years, students found no differences in the online services they received. This research is beneficial for improving student services to be more efficient.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Health Service System of Government Hospital: A Case Study in Outbreak of COVID - 19 Virus in Chonburi Province 2023-09-01T10:43:41+07:00 Anurat Anantanatorn [email protected] Thanee Khamchai [email protected] Laddawan Vonk [email protected] Rangsan Chaikham [email protected] Patchanok Witheethamasak [email protected] <p> This qualitative study aimed to study problems and limitations in the operation of the government hospital's health service system during the outbreak of the COVID-19 virus. The research instruments were semi-structured interviews. Informant comprised 23 government agency executives under the Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Public Health with the Thai Red Cross Society. Data were collected using in-depth individual interviews and content analysis based on research objectives.</p> <p> The study found that: Problems and limitations in the operation of government hospitals are 1) Disease prevention: People were receiving intermittent treatment, personnel lack skills in using medical equipment, and people lack awareness of disease prevention. 2) Treatment: Regulations and administrative plans effect delays in funding support, the building is crowded, the lack of doctors who specialize in infection, and technology is still unable to support effective treatment.</p> <p> Suggestion: The government hospital should be developed the standards for the referral of patients to treatment, skills in using medical tools, proactive performance standards, and treatment potential at the level of general hospitals and community hospitals. In addition, the structure of the premises and regulations on budget management should be improved.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Trainees’ Satisfaction Towards Department of Skill Development 3, Chonburi 2023-09-15T14:53:32+07:00 Sittichai Photong [email protected] ดร.โชติสา ขาวสนิท [email protected] Vichien Tansirikongkhon [email protected] Sorachai Srinisarnsakul [email protected] <p> The research aimed to investigate and analyze trainees' satisfaction with Department of Skill Development 3, Chonburi, and compare these satisfaction levels based on various demographic factors such as gender, age, educational background, profession, monthly income, marital status, and previous training experience. This study focused on five critical areas: the training curriculum, method of training, the competence of trainers, venue and surroundings, and communication or public relations. Statistical methods used for data analysis included the calculation of frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation. To test the hypotheses, t-tests and One Way ANOVA were employed, maintaining a statistical significance level of 0.05, with pairwise comparisons made using LSD. The results indicated a high overall level of satisfaction among trainees towards the Department of Skill Development 3, Chonburi. Specifically, trainees expressed the highest satisfaction with the trainers, while the other aspects like training curriculum, method, public relations, and location and environment were also rated highly. Comparison of satisfaction levels revealed significant differences based on gender, educational background, profession, and monthly income, substantiating the proposed hypothesis with a statistical significance of 0.05. In contrast, when comparing satisfaction levels in relation to age, marital status, and previous training experience, no significant differences were observed, leading to the rejection of the hypothesis for these variables with a statistical significance of 0.05.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Leadership of School Administrators Affecting Academic Administration of Private Schools in Nakhon Pathom Province 2023-07-19T14:34:49+07:00 KASII NITIDHANANUNT [email protected] Khattiya Duangsamran [email protected] <p> This research aimed to 1) study on leadership of private school administrators in Nakhon Pathom province; 2) study the academic administration of private schools in Nakhon Pathom province; and 3) study on the impacts of school administrators’ leadership on the academic administration of private schools in Nakhon Pathom province. Group of samples who provided the information consisted of 1) school administrators or representatives such as school director, or deputy director of academic administration department; 2) school managers or representatives; 3) head of the academic administration or representatives; and, 4) teachers. Total informants were from 320 samples. Questionnaire was the research tool. Statistics used for data analysis were frequency, percentage, average, standard deviation, and Stepwise multiple regression analysis. Statistical analysis was conducted using ready-program.</p> <p> Results</p> <ol> <li>Overall, leadership of private school administrators in Nakhon Pathom province was in high level. While considering on each aspect, all were also in high level. The average scores ranked from high to low were necessary skills, knowledge and responsibilities, respectively.</li> <li>Overall, the academic administration of private schools in Nakhon Pathom province was in high level in all aspect. The average scores ranked from high to low were academic planning, internal quality assurance system development and education standard, research for the education quality development in school, measurement, assessment, and grades comparison transferring, learning process development, courses development by schools and management of teaching and learning in school, respectively.</li> <li>Leadership of the school administrators on the aspect of necessary skills and knowledge affected the academic administration of private schools in Nakhon Pathom province at statistical significance level of .01. The overall academic administration of private schools in Nakhon Pathom province (Y<sub>tot</sub>) could be predicted at 52.9 percent. The multiple regression analysis relationship could be written in form of raw scores as follows: ( <sub>tot</sub>) =.478* + .508**(X<sub>3</sub>) + .323** (X<sub>1</sub>). The multiple regression analysis relationship could be written in form of standard scores as follows: Z = .502**(X<sub>3</sub>) + .274** (X<sub>1</sub>)</li> </ol> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Maritime Security Management in Practice in Indonesia Post President Suharto Era: An Analysis of Existing Policies and Strategies 2023-07-12T11:50:31+07:00 Hidayat Rahman [email protected] Anutrat Anantanatorn [email protected] Vichien Tansirikongkhon [email protected] <p> The paper thoroughly examines Indonesia’s maritime policies and strategies in the post-Suharto era. Its ultimate objective is to develop a dependable Maritime Policy that prioritizes the security of Indonesian waters. This paper analyzes how the Indonesian government maintains maritime security, including policy implementation and adoption of international instruments. It also studies the roles of major government agencies in maritime law enforcement. The author utilizes qualitative research to understand maritime security practices in this study, with esteemed participants like the Indonesian Navy and Defense University. It has been two decades since President Suharto's administration fell, and the nation's development has been primarily land-focused, neglecting the importance of developing the maritime space. It is crucial that each president prioritizes national development and creates a National Policy as a law to be implemented by the relevant ministries and stakeholders. The laws and regulations related to maritime and maritime security must be analyzed with utmost importance. This research thoroughly examines the national policies that led to maritime security strategies post-President Suharto's administration. The analysis encompasses all stakeholders relevant to maritime security and the number of laws and regulations implemented. The study will focus on the six variables of the Policy Implementation Theory introduced by Van Meter and Van Horn to analyze the number of policies and strategies implemented. This research highlights thirteen state actors dealing with maritime threats to Indonesia. Despite lacking an official national maritime security policy, the Indonesian government and relevant agencies have made commendable efforts to secure its waters. Coordinating multiple maritime law enforcement entities remains a major challenge as they operate across a large area under Indonesia's jurisdiction. It is also important for them to align policies at the ministerial level to prevent duplication of efforts and ensure that resources and assets meet the demands. To understand the government's stance on maritime security awareness, it is important to analyze the laws and regulations related to maritime affairs issued by the five Presidents who succeeded the Suharto government - BJ Habibie, Abdurrahman Wahid, Megawati Sukarno Putri, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, and Joko Widodo. Despite differing priorities, each President has committed to developing the maritime sector and ensuring maritime security. This research has collected and analyzed all relevant laws and regulations to draw this conclusion.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Successful Model of Used Car Business in Thailand 2023-08-22T19:49:32+07:00 Sanhaphat Tuntithanasap [email protected] Jetsalid Angsukanjanakul [email protected] Ananta Rusmee [email protected] <p> This research on success model of used car business in Thailand aims to study on: success level of used car business in Thailand; causal factors affecting to success of used car business in Thailand. This research on success model of used car business in Thailand. This research was conducted in the form of quantitative research. The sample group consisted of 460 samples including entrepreneurs, managers, assistant managers, and supervisors who were operating used car business in Bangkok. They were obtained by using proportional random sampling under the criteria of 20 times of observed variables. Research tools were questionnaires. Obtained data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and structural equation model for quantitative research and content analysis for qualitative research. The results of Goodness of Fit Index (GFI) of structural model (after adjusting) revealed that: Chi-square ( ) was 118.94 with statistical satisfaction at p-value = 1.00; relative Chi-square ( /df) = 0.61; Comparative Fit Index (CFI) = 1.00; Goodness of Fit Index (GFI)= 0.98; Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI) = 0.97; and Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) = 0.000. All values passed the criteria. From analyzing on influence of variables, it was found that variables on characteristics of entrepreneurs had direct influence and total influence on success of used car business in the highest level.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 A Study of the Implementation of Neo Pattaya Development Policy (2020-2022) 2023-12-01T09:44:37+07:00 Pasinee Kumkong [email protected] Anutrat Anantanatorn [email protected] <p> The objectives of this research were as follows 1. examine the opinions of personnel factors regarding the policy. 2.To investigate the opinions of personnel on the implementation of the policy. and 3. To explore the factors related to the relationship between personnel opinions on the policy and its implementation. The research methodology employed a mixed-methods approach, combining quantitative and qualitative research. The two sample groups used in this study consisted of Group 1, A quantitative data was collected by using questionnaires from 319 participants in Pattaya City, and Data analysis utilized statistical methods such as descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, and correlation analysis. The statistical techniques used included frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, T-test, ANOVA, and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. Group 2 A qualitative data was collected from 10 key informants from the city of Pattaya and data were collected through in-depth interviews. To validate the result of qualitative research.</p> <p> Research Results: 1. The survey of personnel opinions regarding the Neo Pattaya City Development Policy (2020-2022) that, overall, the personnel had a high level of opinion. 2. The survey of personnel opinions on the implementation of the Neo Pattaya City Development Policy (2020–2022) that, overall, the personnel had a high level of opinion. 3. The survey examined factors related to the relationship between personnel opinions on the policy and the implementation of the policy. It was found that the personnel’s opinions on various aspects of the policy were correlated with their opinions on implementing the development policy of the Neo Pattaya City Development Policy (2020–2022) in the same direction. Each factor had a level of correlation that ranked high as follows: the factor of participation of practitioners and service recipients, the factor of communication systems between organizations, the factor of support from implementing agencies, the factor of characteristics of the implementing organizations, and the factor of resource adequacy. The factor with a moderate correlation was the factor of standards and objectives of the policy.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Cultural Capital Integration for Community Management and Development through Community Participation: A Case Study of Dong Bang Community, Na Dun District, Maha Sarakham Province 2023-09-29T14:12:51+07:00 Kanta Vilachai [email protected] Thanyarat Chaiyakarm [email protected] Khwanta Benchakhan [email protected] <p> The study focuses on the integration of cultural capital for community management and development through community participation in the Dong Bang community, Na Dun District, Maha Sarakham Province. The objectives were to 1) investigate locations, households, and develop a cultural capital database for the community, 2) assess the present community management and recommend strategies utilizing the community's cultural capital, and 3) foster economic growth by leveraging the cultural capital of the Dong Bang community via the development of an online map. The research methodology incorporated document analysis and field data collection involving 110 participants including key community informants, leaders, and residents. The study disclosed that the community mainly comprises alternating plains and open forests, with persistent water bodies that are inadequate for agricultural activities in the dry season, leading to water shortages. Most of the community members are involved in agriculture, with settlements being clustered. In terms of social and economic aspects, it was found that the Dong Bang community is rich in cultural capital including symbols like Sim and Hup Taem located at Wat Photharam and Wat Pa Lai Lai, and other assets like textile production, agriculture, food processing, and handicrafts. To harness the cultural capital for economic advancement, an online map was designed to highlight and share information about the locations of these cultural resources such as temples, archaeological sites, textile workshops, agricultural activities, food processing, and handicrafts. This approach aims to promote and capitalize on the diverse cultural assets of the community to achieve enhanced community management and economic development.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Effects of Organizational Communication Behavior on Communication Efficiency and Burapha University Lecturers’ Work Effectiveness 2023-10-27T19:56:59+07:00 Woratham Phongsichomphu [email protected] <p> The purpose of this research was to construct and confirm that causal relationship model of organizational communication behavior on communication efficiency, and the work effectiveness of Burapha University lecturers was consistent with the empirical data. The proposed model included three latent variables: work effectiveness, organizational communication behavior, and communication efficiency, which were operationalized through 10 observed variables. The study's participants comprised 100 lecturers spread across 20 faculties. Data collection was performed via questionnaires, and the subsequent analysis employed descriptive statistics, Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient with statistical software package. Confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling were performed with LISREL 8.72. The results showed that the modified model aligned well with the empirical data. A good model fit was demonstrated by the following statistical values: 𝜒<sup>2</sup>= 23.61, <em>df</em> = 24, <em>p</em> = 0.48, <em>GFI </em>= 0.95, <em>AGFI </em>= 0.90, <em>CFI </em>= 1.00, <em>NFI </em>= 0.91, <em>NNFI </em>= 1.00, <em>RMSEA</em> = 0.00, <em>RMR </em>= 0.02. Within the model, the variables explained 28% of the variance in communication efficiency and 76% of the variance in work effectiveness. The study concluded that organizational communication behavior directly influences communication efficiency and work effectiveness, as well as exerting an indirect effect on work effectiveness through communication efficiency.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Attitudes and Experiences of Generation Y Consumers in Bangkok Affecting Faith-Based Product and Service Purchases through Online Channel 2023-11-01T10:04:03+07:00 Onsupak Phatwang [email protected] Jittapon Chumkate [email protected] <p> This research aims to study the attitudes and experiences of Generation Y consumers in Bangkok that affecting faith-based product and service purchases through online channel with a mixed research method the sample group used is 400 generation Y consumers in Bangkok who have purchased faith-based products and purchases through online channel. The research instrument was a questionnaire for quantitative data. and in-depth interviews for qualitative data. Statistics used in data analysis are frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation. and multiple regression analysis.</p> <p> The results of the research found that the overall consumer attitude is at a high level ( = 3.68) and the overall consumer experience is at a high level ( = 3.64). When analyzing hypothesis 1, the attitude of generational consumers Chanwai has a positive influence on purchasing products and beliefs via online channels, with sub-factors including understanding. Emotional aspect and behavioral There is a significant statistical relationship at the 0.05 level and Hypothesis 2: The experience of Generation Y consumers has a positive influence on product purchases and beliefs via online channels. The sub-factors include feelings, thoughts and connections. There is a statistically significant relationship. Action part There is no relationship with statistical significance at the 0.05 level.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Guidelines for Career Development by Value-chain Model of Hemp Fiber Product: A Case Study of Bang Phra Subdistrict Municipality in Chonburi Province 2023-11-07T09:45:15+07:00 Usa Sathitmon [email protected] Songtham Charoenchan [email protected] Rachatathamrongk Pacharamonchai [email protected] Chanaporn Boonkurd [email protected] <p> The objectives of this research were 1)<strong> to </strong>study the characteristics of the supply chain and value chain of hemp fiber products. 2) to analyze information on occupations related to value chain of hemp fiber products. 3) to suggest guideline of jobs creating for Bang-Phra subdistrict municipality community. Mixed research method was used in this research. The quantitative research was studied from 389 sampling of residents in Bang-Phra subdistrict municipality which collected data by 5-scale Questionnaire. The qualitative research was studied from informant groups which were officer of Bang-Phra subdistrict municipality, community leaders and community agents, 3 sampling per groups by in-depth interviews. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and descriptive analysis. The research results were found that the topic received the highest point was community can develop an online sales career at 3.87 (agree). Next, the community could learn production methods (Knitting, weaving, sewing) at 3.84 (agree). The community could develop career of producer (Knitting, weaving, sewing) at 3.80 (agree). The important development guideline was to provide knowledge about production, selling in shop, selling online and income generating. And then, the government should support budget and value chain network should support inbound raw material. The research results could synthesize knowledge that value chain activities relate to job creation for communities was production, sales and value-added generating. So, policy planning, supporting and budget management to promote careers should build on these topics because communities accepted that it could lead to job development for the community.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Relationship between Economic Factors and the Stock Price Index Movement in the Stock Exchange of Thailand 2023-11-07T09:59:30+07:00 Wiwatwong Bunnun [email protected] Nathaporn Phong-a-ran [email protected] Natcha Sopaporn [email protected] Nithiphak Katisart [email protected] Nantana Ngamtampong [email protected] <p> This study used the VAR model to study the relationship between economic factors and the stock price index movement in the Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET). Oil price, exchange rate, consumer product index, and stock price indices of 8 industry groups in the Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET) were employed and studied as variables. Time series monthly data was collected from January 2018 to December 2022 to study and compare the duration, direction, and variance composition of economic factors affecting the changes in stock price indices of 8 industrial groups. The results of the study indicated that changes in stock price indices depend mainly on past changes in stock price indices, followed by oil prices, exchange rates, and the consumer product index, respectively. Therefore, investors should consider oil prices, exchange rates, and consumer product indexes in investment decisions to prevent risks arising from potential fluctuations. In addition, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), as Thailand’s capital market supervisory board, should implement a policy for companies listed on the stock exchange to protect against risks from fluctuations in macroeconomic factors in order to promote the efficiency of investment and to contribute the sustainable development of the Thai capital market.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Legal Development in Elderly Occupational Fund and Self-Reliance 2023-12-08T16:29:51+07:00 Pawarisa Ponkla [email protected] Jidapa Pornying [email protected] <p> The purpose of the research is to study the law concerning to elderly occupational fund and self-reliance regarding the conditions of guarantors. Relevant regulations provide the way for elderly people borrowing money from the fund. The research uses qualitative research methods with the study from laws, books, articles and documents. The study found that Section 11(3) of the Elderly Act B.E.2003 provides the promotion and support of the elderly in occupation and Section 13 provides for the establishment of an elderly fund. The announcement of the Executive Committee of the Senior Citizen Fund Re: Other criteria and conditions for financial support from the Senior Citizen Fund 2006 Article 3 (4) requires that the elderly applying for an occupational loan must have qualifications and have a credible person as a guarantor approved by the Director.</p> <p>According to the announcements in the regulations of the Office of Child Welfare and Protection On the qualifications of borrowers, guarantors and criteria for considering loans for individual occupational finance from the Senior Citizens Fund B.E. 2013, Clause 5 stipulates that there must be guarantors of loans with qualifications as specified to the elderly who borrows money is eligible to receive money from the Senior Citizen Fund, such requirements are both conditions and obstacles in term of loans from the Senior Citizen Fund , the refund period of the Senior Citizens' Fund, according to the announcement of the Executive Committee of the Senior Citizen Fund Re: Criteria and Conditions for Financial Support from the Elderly Fund 2006, clause 5 (3), the elderly shall be loaned to finance their individual occupation not exceeding 30,000 baht per person and shall be repaid in installments within a period not exceeding 3 years without interest charge.</p> <p>Some suggestions include the amendment of the announcement of the Executive Committee of the Senior Citizen Fund Re: Criteria and Conditions for Financial Support from the Elderly Fund 2006 1) the amendment of guarantees in Article 3(4) and 2) the amendment of the period of refund of the Senior Citizen Fund Article 5 (3) to comply with the Elderly Act B.E.2003 and the Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand B.E. 2560</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Influence of Perceived Organizational Support for Creativity, Intrinsic Motivation, Creative Self-Efficacy, and Creative Self-Efficacy Affecting to Individual Creativity of the Public Sector Development Commission (OPDC) Civil Servant 2023-12-06T10:14:20+07:00 Chalermchai Kittisaknawin [email protected] Siriporn Thitalampoon [email protected] Kosin Techaniyom [email protected] Ajaree Rittichai [email protected] Apichat Kittisaknawin [email protected] Sorawicha Krittathikarn [email protected] Kornphapha Paksanondha [email protected] <p><strong> </strong>The purposes of this research were to study: (1) the relationships between creative self-efficacy, perceived organizational support for creativity, intrinsic motivation, and individual creativity<strong>, </strong>(2) perceived organizational support for creativity, intrinsic motivation influencing creative self-efficacy, and (3) creative self-efficacy, perceived organizational support for creativity, and intrinsic motivation influencing individual creativity.</p> <p> This research employed a quantitative research considered as the survey model which was examined its quality through the validity and reliability as the instrument for data collection. The population was civil servant of the Public Sector Development Commission (OPDC). The researcher determined the size of sample group according to the Yamane’s calculation determined the sample group for not less than 144 persons at the error value of 5%, and the reliability of 95%. The researcher extended the samples for 170 persons more to increase the benefits of research and data analysis. The descriptive analysis included Frequency, Percentage, Mean, and Standard Deviation. The analysis by Inferential Statistics included Pearson’s correlation, and stepwise multiple regression analysis.</p> <p><strong> </strong>Findings are as follows: (1) The researcher found that individual creativity was positively correlated with perceived organizational support for creativity, creative self-efficacy, intrinsic motivation, (2) Factoring influencing creative self-efficacy was perceived organizational support for creativity and intrinsic motivation, and (3) Factoring influencing individual creativity was creative self-efficacy.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Administrative Liability Relating on Inequality of Public Berden 2023-09-15T10:42:46+07:00 Kanoksak Puanglarp [email protected] <p> Public service of the State is operating for the benefit of people. The most people get benefited according to the operational objectives of the state. But at the same time, some people who have been burdened or suffered more than others specially which the State should have to remedy for the person who bears that special burden to return to equality with others. This principle is known as "equality in the burden of the public services" It appears in French administrative law in a written law and a decision of Council of State. Later, countries around the world popularly brought to explain and justify state liability without fault. Including in Thailand, this law has been applied as well. Even if not said, but there are judgments based on the implicit. Therefore, for clarity in use of this principle, the provisions of this law should be amended to support this principle as a written law. Written law can make the use of administrative liability more comprehensive remedy.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Sustainable Business Operation by Reducing the Effect toward its Community and Environment under the Concept of Green Supply Chain Management: Case of Business Related to the Food Industry 2023-11-14T16:55:41+07:00 Kanokaon Netchu [email protected] Supaporn Pinyochatchinda [email protected] Surathan Parapornpisut [email protected] Neranchala Kamlaithong [email protected] Wipawan Janprachom [email protected] Wipawan Thongniam [email protected] Namfon Senangkanikorn [email protected] Uthai Kaewklom [email protected] Nithinop Thongwassanasong [email protected] <p>During the past, business in Thailand has been passed down for several years since agricultural and industrial era which consumed all natural resources and environment regardless of the consequences which caused various problems, for example changing climate, water and air pollution etc. All of these are arising out of human behavior in consuming the limited natural resources without caution. As more problems occurred, our community and consumers have changed their perceptions by focusing on environmental friendly consumption which causes the entrepreneurs to change their business operation to be more environmental friendly until the concept of Green Supply Chain has been emerged like Ampol Foods Processing Limited. And S&amp;P Syndicate Public Company Limited Vision of this company emphasizes on the innovation leader of Thai Food to Global market with society and environmental responsibility. This concept has been adapted into sustainable business operation by reducing the effect toward its community and environment under the concept of APF Green Supply Chain.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Legal Considerations for Thailand in Becoming a Party of The 2005 UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of The Diversity of Cultural Expressions 2023-07-27T14:45:25+07:00 Treechada Aunruen [email protected] <p> This study aims to examine the legal considerations for Thailand in becoming a party of the 2005 UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions. It was conducted by inspecting the laws related to the diversity of cultural expressions, studying the intentions, principles, measures, and mechanisms of the Convention that will affect the process of becoming the party to the Convention as well as other factors involved in ratification and implementation of obligations under the Convention. This research paper also emphasizes balancing the benefits of cooperation and cultural exchange, protection of the diversity of cultural expressions with an overview and impacts on culture, society, law, economy, politics, and others to Thai society in the future, as well as possibilities and guidelines for appropriate adaptation to the context of Thailand. Additionally, Thailand has shown its political intention to become the party of the Convention which was adopted on 20 October 2005.</p> <p> The study found that Thailand’s legal readiness could accommodate some of its obligations under the Convention. Nonetheless, the Convention is flexible and grants relatively high sovereign rights to States Parties. Consequently, this reflects the need for Thailand to consider the implementation of its national laws so as to effectively protect and promote the diversity of cultural expressions, which are as follows: 1. improve relevant legal terms to be clear and comprehensive, such as the diversity of cultural expressions and cultural goods and services, 2. improve or implement the national laws on relevant and important issues, namely cultural areas by comprehensive inclusion of the diversity of cultural expressions linked to trade, 3. trade and intellectual property areas, amend and improve the laws to facilitate the emergence of new and small entrepreneurs who produce cultural goods and services, involving entrepreneurs in the cultural and creative industries. 4. improve laws related to traditional and modern media production by reducing restrictions and monopolies in media production and rights and equality in mass communication and the digital environment, 5. rights and equality areas, improve legal mechanisms to eliminate discrimination or minimize the impact of such actions, and 6. suggest Thailand particularly consider legislating the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions that must cover the relevant issues mentioned above.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Relationship Between Leadership Motivation Enhancing Factors and Determination for Athletes to be Excellent of Parents of Badminton Players Case Study: Badminton Training Field in Bangkok 2023-02-07T11:29:32+07:00 Arphorn Kuraeiad [email protected] Pakorn Prechaporn [email protected] <p> This research has the objective To study the level of leadership of parents Factors that enhance motivation for parents and excellence in badminton athletes and to study the relationship between parental leadership Factors that enhance motivation for parents and excellence in badminton athletes A sample group of parents of male and female badminton singles players aged 9, 11, 13 years, sample size of 260 people who had repair training at the badminton repair field. There were 10 locations in Bangkok. The instrument used in the research was a leadership questionnaire to enhance the motivation of parents to affect the excellence of badminton athletes. Data were analyzed using ready-made computer programs by finding frequency (Frequency), percentage, mean (<img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}" /> ), standard deviation (S.D.) and testing hypotheses by testing. Two-way Pearson's Correlation Coefficient</p> <p> The research results found that The average level of the factors that enhance motivation for parents the most Next is the average of excellence in badminton athletes. The highest level and the lowest mean level of parental leadership, high level and parental leadership are positively related at a high level. with factors that increase motivation for parents and the excellence of badminton athletes in a positive way at a high level Statistically significant at the .05 level and the factor of enhancing motivation for parents has a positive relationship at a high level with the excellence of badminton athletes in a very positive way. Statistically significant at the .05 level.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Problems and Obstacles Related to Delays in the Implementation of the National Anti-Corruption Commission 2023-12-18T14:47:12+07:00 Pratheep Tabauttanon [email protected] <p> The Constitutional Anti-Corruption Act B.E. 2561 prescribe in Section 28. “The NACC has the following duties and powers: (1) Conduct an inquiry and prepare opinion in case there is an allegation that a person holding a political position, a judge of the Constitutional Court, a person holding a position in an independent agency is involved in circumstances of unusual wealth, corruption, or deliberate performance of duties or exercise of powers in contrary to the provisions of the Constitution or laws, or serious violation of or failure to comply with the ethical standards; (2) Conduct an inquiry and decide whether a state official is unusually wealthy, has committed an offence of corruption, or malfeasance in public office or malfeasance in judicial office; (3) Obligate persons holding political positions, judges of the Constitutional Court, persons holding positions in independent agencies and state officials to submit account showing particulars of assets and liabilities of themselves, spouse and children who have not yet become sui juris, and to inspect and disclose the results of the inspection of such accounts; (4) Conduct inquiry in order to take legal action in other offences provided by this Organic Act, or those prescribed by the law to be under the duties and powers of the NACC ( the NACC may undertake by itself, or delegate to other competent agency) (5) Other duties and powers provided by the Constitution, this Organic Act or other laws. Therefore, it is evident that the important mission of the Board of Directors the NACC is to consider the expression of preliminary inquiry and expression of inquiry to determine the guilt of offenders for dishonesty of duty or offences against official office or offences against the office of justice. As of September 30, 2021, it is divided into procurement cases, ethics and misconduct cases, and justice, politics and public administration cases, the remaining facts are under investigation. 2,759 matters, thus affecting the actions of the Board of Directors. NCC.</p> <p> According to the research, the Board of Directors the NACC has the authority and duty to consider the expression of the preliminary investigation and the expression of inquiry to determine the basis of every offense, causing congestion and delay of expressions, which delays the punishment of the offender. It causes society to lose faith in the criminal justice system in bringing perpetrators to justice. As a result, offenders and others are not afraid of the law, dare to commit offenses of dishonesty or offenses against official positions or offenses against judicial offices, which do not comply with the concept of punishment for intimidation or suppression (Deterrence) according to the Crime Control Policy and punishment for the elimination or control of offenders. The researcher adopted the laws of the Republic of Korea, the Republic of Singapore, and Japan. Compared to the Constitutional Anti-Corruption Act B.E. 2561, only the Republic of Korea uses the same committee system as the Constitutional Assembly Act on Corruption B.E. 2561. However, the committee does not have the same authority and duty to consider the case as Thailand. The Republic of Singapore, Japan and the United Kingdom have adopted a common criminal procedure system that requires prosecutors, and all four countries have no problem with pending trials related to offences of malpractice or offences against official office or offences against judicial office.</p> <p> Therefore, If Thailand wants to have a committee system to consider expressions at the hearing and at the hearing to determine the basis of guilt. the Constitutional Act on Prevention and Suppression of Corruption B.E. 2561 (2018) should be amended in respect of the powers and duties of the Commission. The NCC has appointed a committee to consider the expression of the preliminary inquiry and the inquiry to identify specific information. The NACC is a committee which are other powers under Section 28(1)(3)(4) and (5) and oversees the policies and operations of the Office of the National Anti-Corruption Commission. It is the Supreme Executive Committee only.</p> 2023-12-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023