Journal of Politics and Governance https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag <p>The College of Politics and Governance (COPAG), Mahasarakham University, as a political science academic unit, recognizes the importance of the publication of academic researches and other scholarly works. Accordingly, the Journal of Politics and Governance (JOPAG) aims at publicizing scholarly oeuvres on politics and governance with national and international standards, and thereby strengthening COPAG’s academic reputation.&nbsp;The first printed version of the Journal of Politics and Governance was launched in 2010 and the online version of the journal became available in 2013.<br><br><strong>Publisher :&nbsp;</strong>College of Politics and Governance (COPAG), Mahasarakham University</p> <p><strong>Publication scheduled : </strong>Three&nbsp;yearly</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Issue 1 : January - April&nbsp;<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Issue 2 : May -August&nbsp;&nbsp;<br>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; Issue 3 : September – December&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Print ISSN</strong>&nbsp; &nbsp;: 2228-8562</p> <p><strong>E-ISSN</strong> :&nbsp;2697-3790</p> College of Politics and Governance (COPAG), Mahasarakham University en-US Journal of Politics and Governance 2228-8562 Developments of Policy on Providing Access to Antiretroviral Therapy and the Impacts of Policy Change: from Limited Access to an Era of Free Treatment in Thailand https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259957 <p>Thailand had the highest HIV prevalence in Southeast Asia. As time went by, the country was able to fix the problems of HIV/Aids infection which was praised by the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations (UN). With the ability to contain Aids epidemic, Thailand had become a role model to fight against HIV/Aids infections for many countries around the world. One of the Ending Aids policy was providing access to antiretroviral therapy. This research was an academic article utilizing historical documents published during 1992 – 2018. Its purposes were to explain the developments of policy on providing access to antiretroviral therapy in Thailand during 1992 – 2018 and present the impacts caused by policy change. Thailand’s developments of policy on providing access to antiretroviral therapy could be divided into five stages: 1) moving to the national agenda, 2) reducing dependence on foreign organizations, 3) targeting specific groups, 4) allowing access to HIV/Aids medicine during pre-exposure prophylaxis, and 5) role of the member of the Thai royal family in policy formulation. The public policy process was concerned with the following components: policy formulation, policy adoption, policy implementation, policy evaluation, and policy improvement or policy change. However, theoretical gap was found to be the impacts of policy change. The article presented such impacts caused by policy change. The empirical results revealed that when each policy on providing access to antiretroviral therapy was changed, the number of HIV/Aids infected people getting access to the antiretroviral therapy increased significantly. Therefore, it was recommended that “impacts of policy change” be added as another component of public policy process.</p> Pichate Pinthong Ponlapat Buracom Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-08 2022-04-08 12 1 262 285 A Comparison of Islamic Economics and the Sufficiency Economy Philosophy: Implications for Sustainable Development in Muslim Communities https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259960 <p>This article examines the concepts and theories of Islamic economics. In order to understand it thoroughly, we compare with conventional economics and the sufficiency economy philosophy. In Islam, an individual’s utility function consists of two parts, utility in the present life and in the afterlife. His behaviour in the&nbsp; former determines the rewards (or punishment) in the later. Hence, his resources are allocated towards the consumption of goods and services, and for religious&nbsp; expenditures such as Zakat payment. In addition, the set of choices are a subset to a conventional individual as he can only consume what is Halal, including investing in interest-free channels. Ethical and moral values play a role in determining&nbsp; economic behaviour as individuals are connected through the concept of brotherhood. Though different in certain details, the core principles of the sufficiency economy philosophy are consistent with Islamic economics. This can help design development policies that are aligned with local values for Muslim communities, specifically,&nbsp; the three Southern border provinces of Thailand.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Saran Sarntisart Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-08 2022-04-08 12 1 286 313 Editorial Note https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259969 Editor Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-08 2022-04-08 12 1 Contents https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259970 Editor Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-08 2022-04-08 12 1 Think New ASEAN: Rethinking Marketing Towards ASEAN Economic Community https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259971 <p>The objectives of this book are to provide perspectives on how the business can rethink their marketing when ASEAN Community was&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; established and get examples of some business sectors which are successful in Southeast Asia&nbsp;&nbsp; Region. This book is written for business people and marketers who want to understand the&nbsp; forces of change and impact of globalization and regionalization on the market (p. xiv) It consists of 9 Chapters.</p> Sida Sonsri Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-08 2022-04-08 12 1 314 317 Mill’s Harm Principle as the Preventive Approach Against Tyranny of the Majority in Liberal Democracy https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259894 <p>This paper aims to provide an understanding in John Stuart Mill’s the principle of harm to others, as the preventive approach against tyranny of the majority in liberal democracy. That is, this research aims political philosophy method conducted through a textual analysis, the result shows that, Mill fears the tyranny of the majority and regards it as one of the evils in liberal democracy. So Mill argued, human beings are self-directing, and the greatest happiness of the greatest number would come from individuals having freedom. So individual adults should be free to do whatever they wish up to the point where they harm to others, That is, the only justification for interference with individual freedom to live their life as they choose is to prevent harm to others, This is Mill’s harm principle, and was the preventive approach against tyranny of the majority in liberal democracy. Mill’s most important work in this regard is his tract On Liberty, published in 1859 and Considerations on Representative Government, published in 1861.</p> Saksit Karlers Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 12 1 1 20 Thai-Cambodian Border Management at Prasat Sadok Kok Thom Vicinity (1991–2020): Legitimacy, Restoration and Development as a Tourist Destination https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259896 <p>The study aims to explore Thai-Cambodian border management at Prasat Sadok Kok Thom vicinity from 1991 to 2020. The research adopted historical approach by using document examination and field research which conducted at Prasat Sadok Kok Thom vicinity, Khok Sung Sub-district, Khok Sung District, Sa Kaeo Province. The study reveals that Prasat Sdok Kok Thom is of great historical and stability importance. It is also located near the Thai-Cambodian border, so three main agencies are responsible for the management, namely the security agency, the Fine Arts Department and the local organization. The results of the study of Thai-Cambodian border management at Prasat Sadok Kok Thom vicinity, 1991–2020 can be divided into two phases-border management in 1991-2013 and 2014-2020. The goal of the border management in 1991-2013 is to emphasize the legitimacy of Prasat Sadok Kok Thom amid the dispute about the land and Preah Vihear Temple. The security agency rented the area around Prasat Sdok Kok Thom to build Thai-Cambodian Self-Defense Village and evacuated Laos’ ethnic groups to live in. The village was decorated with Thailand’s national flag. In addition, the Fine Arts Department hastily proceeded to renovate Prasat Sadok Kok Thom. The border management in 2014-2020 also still emphasizes the legitimacy of Prasat Sadok Kok Thom by establishing Prasat Sadok Kok Thom as the 11th historical park of Thailand and changing the slogan and the symbol of Khok Sung District. At the same time, it also focused on building international cooperation and developing Prasat Sadok Kok Thom to be a tourist attraction. It is suggested that further research on Thailand-Cambodia border management through the operations of Cambodia should be conducted to provide more comprehensive knowledge about border management at Prasat Sadok Kok Thom vicinity. </p> Pitsanuwat Yaprom Dararat Mattariganond Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-08 2022-04-08 12 1 21 40 The Investment Model and Guidelines that Suitable for Social Security fund in Thailand https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259897 <p>This research studied the suitability of investment models for social security funds in Thailand and also the most appropriate approaches for social security funds to achieve effective investment development. A qualitative methodology was adopted based on a Delphi Technique with three rounds of questioning to reach a consensus. In the first round, in-depth interviews were conducted with 17 key informants, including 10 interviewees from the Financial Management Department of the Social Security Office and 7 interviewees responsible for investment of the Thai Social Security Fund. Findings of the first round of interviews were summarized. In the second and third rounds of the Delphi technique analysis, questions were tested for P-Value statistics and confirmed by the quantitative results from 71 experts. The Kruskal-Wallis test by one-way ANOVA was over 0.05, indicating that all questions were confirmed with the same results and could be used in group discussions in the next step. This research adapted the issues from the third Delphi analysis to conduct a group discussion with 8 executives and investment experts from the Social Security Fund. Results showed that suitable investment models for social security funds in Thailand can be divided into 6 areas as follows: 1) vision, 2) revenue storage consisting of 4 sub-points, 3) payment of benefits, 4) investment management consisting of 6 sub-points, 5) risk management consisting of 7 sub-points, and 6) future investment consisting of 2 sub-points. Approaches for development of the effective investment model of the Thai Social Security Fund can be divided into 8 areas as follows: 1) investment management consisting of 7 sub-points, 2) evaluation and inspection consisting of 2 sub-points, 3) information technology consisting of 2 sub-points, 4) legal and regulations consisting of 4 sub-points, 5) risk management consisting of 7 sub-points, 6) human resources management consisting of 5 sub-points, 7) financial accounting system consisting of 5 sub-points, and 8) procurement system consisting of 4 sub-points. Investment options should increase the proportion of risk-weighted assets to 11%, while the higher proportion of stable assets should be reduced by 11%.</p> Thitima Soomsaenharn Sakchai Janruang Banphot Wiroonrach Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-08 2022-04-08 12 1 41 63 Legal Measures to Scrutinize an Officer’s Arresting Power Exercise in a Case of Flagrant Offences https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259898 <p>The objectives of this research are as follows; first, to study the concepts and theories relating to an officer’s power exercise as well as the concepts and theories relating to an arrest in a case of flagrant offences; second, to compare the legal measures to scrutinize an arrest in a case of flagrant offences in France, in the United States of America (USA) and Thailand; third, to analyze and to compare the legal aspects and relating topics on arrest power and legal measures to scrutinize the arresting power exercise in a case of flagrant offences. Results show that French and Thai legal provisions on arresting in a case of flagrant offences share some similarities. But Thai legal measures to scrutinize an officer’s arresting power exercise in a case of flagrant offences are similar to American legal measures. Moreover, there are sharp differences between Thai and French legal provisions on roles of organizations in justice systems and participation in a scrutiny. In other words, French legal provisions stipulate principles of prosecution, arresting and investigation in a case of flagrant offences, all in details. Special check-and-balance measures are also provided. Meanwhile, such provisions are absent from Thai and American legal provisions. There is no specific investigation procedure for flagrant offences. Court is the only external organization authorized to scrutinize an officer’s arresting power exercise in a case of flagrant offences: whether there are probable causes or urgencies to justify the arrests or not. As a result, in Thailand, there should be statutes to provide a special investigation procedure for flagrant offences. Moreover, like in French legal system, there should be regulations to allow the public prosecutor and the court to scrutinize an arrest in a case of flagrant offences at the initial stage together with the police, especially in a case of serious criminal offences.</p> Amornthep Muangsean Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-08 2022-04-08 12 1 64 78 Islamic State: the Truth from the Doctrine and the Illusion Created https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259901 <p>The objectives of this research article are 1) To study the concept of Political ideology “Islamic State” of Prophet Muhammad in establishing the Islamic State of Medina. 2) To study the Political Ideology on "Islamic State" of IS Movement. 3) To compare the Political ideology of the "Islamic State" between the Prophet Muhammad and the IS. 4) To study the concepts of the IS that changed from the Prophet Muhammad and 5) To study the impact of IS concept to Thai society. The results of study found that 1) The reality of Islamic rule is the state was formed during the Prophet Mohammed's reign which used the Medina Constitution to accept the coexistence of people in society with peace, non-violence, to rule both Muslim and non-Muslim. 2) The IS group is a Sunni movement that has the concept and method of demanding justice for Islam by using the Qur'an and the Prophet's example (Sunnah), but the IS has adopted certain principles That is specifically about violence in the war that Islam has experienced in the past become a driving force for negative power and calling for people to join in the fight according to the methods of the movement. 3) Compared to the IS, it is found that the management style and concepts used have increased the thought of their own beliefs in administrative management. IS denied differences use force to enslave the opponents to accept their power. 4) The conceptual methods used during the Prophet's time are considered peaceful and full of mutual cooperation between Muslims and non-Muslims, but for the movement's groups, it is forcing people to be under Commanding and oppressing the people, causing conflicts and wars. 5) The idea of establishing the Islamic State in the movement has resulted in the fear of Islam. As a result, many areas in Thailand are anti-Islam.</p> Samart Thongfhua Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-08 2022-04-08 12 1 79 97 The Study and Preparation for Public Organization of the Department of Science Service https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259902 <p>This research aimed to study and prepare the Department of Science Service to be listed as a public organization. The main objective is to study and analyze status of process and direction of the Department with special reference to National Quality Infrastructure (NQI) in order to prepare a strategic and business plan, financial plan and set up plan. These will be incorporated as a transition for the Department to become a public organization according to the guideline introduced by the Office of the Public Sector Development Commission. The study used mixed methodology which combined both qualitative and quantitative research methods. As for qualitative research techniques; documentary research, in-depth interview, focus group, policy meeting and public forum were employed to collect data. While a structured survey questionnaire was mainly used to collect quantitative data. Key informants for qualitative data were selected using purposive sampling technique which were classified into three groups altogether 193 samples in total. For questionnaire survey, quantitative data were collected from 470 employees at the Department of Science Service, which is 80 percent of total number of employees. The qualitative data were content analyzed while quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. This study revealed that 1) in the analysis of the organization’s environment it was found that the organization has strengths with resources and expertise in carrying out its missions with international standards and is recognized by the society while problems in operating procedures and administration according to organizational culture in the bureaucratic system causing weaknesses to create service efficiency. It was also found the weakness in mechanisms and systems to support the mission that can also be developed and modified to achieve operational potential.</p> <p>For external environment, there are many opportunities contributing to the development of the Department of Science Service, especially the preparation for the transformation into a public organization, such as factors that contribute to the government policy the direction of development of the country. 2) Strategic Planning business plans, operations of public organizations, financial plans, and plans for establishment and transfer for proposing to establish a public organization according to the guidelines of the Office of the Public Sector Development Commission (OPDC) under the strategic plan of Science Service Institute, 2017-2023 and the business plan of the organization (four-year operation plan). The vision premises that the Department of Science Service is a leading international scientific audit and certification organization with four strategic issues as follows: 1) To elevate the quality infrastructure to develop the country’s competitiveness, 2) to integrate cooperation in knowledge, technology and innovation both domestically and internationally in driving up the standard and advancing the quality in the changing world, 3) to enhance the administration of big data to support driving the country’s development in science services, and 4) to develop an administrative system to become a sustainable high-performance organization with a good setup of financial plan and transition plan that covers dimension for organizational structure and workforce. The findings informed the rate of manpower that can support the new management style of public organizations and the transfer of assets and liabilities from the old state administration to the new form of continuous management.<br><br></p> Somboon Sirisunhirun Phut Ploywan Somsak Amornsiriphong Krish Rugchatjareon Wutthichai Arakpothchong Thitikorn Yawichai Jarueksil Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-08 2022-04-08 12 1 98 114 Factors Affecting the Policy Implementation Effectiveness of Women Empowerment Fund in Udon Thani Province https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259940 <p>The purposes of this research were to study 1) the effectiveness conditions of the policy implementation of Women’s Empowerment Fund (WEF) in Udon Thani Province. 2) factors affecting the policy implementation effectiveness of WEF in Udon Thani Province, and 3) the guidelines in developing the policy implementation effectiveness of WEF in Udon Thani Province. This research was a mixed method: quantitative research using questionnaires and and the sample consisted of 620 participants, and qualitative research using In-depth Structured Interview. The sample consisted of 6 participants. The statistics used in the analysis were percentage, mean, standard deviation, and multiple regression analysis. The findings were as follows. 1) The effectiveness conditions of the policy implementation of WEF in Udon Thani Province, found that all factors were important to the policy implementation of WEF. 2) factors affecting the policy implementation effectiveness of WEF in Udon Thani Province following: continuous monitoring, the Policy Implementing Agencies, worker's attitude, communication, resources used in operations, leadership and participation, With statistical significance at the level of 0.05, while it states that these 7 factors explain 66.60 percent of the total variance of the policy implementation effectiveness of WEF. The research guidelines in developing the policy implementation effectiveness of WEF in Udon Thani Province under the guidelines named “9 S”.</p> Wanphen Kongkhum Thanawit Buturudom Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-08 2022-04-08 12 1 115 132 Factors Related to the Disability Perspectives of Students of Public Administration, College of Politics and Governance, Mahasarakham University https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259942 <p>The objective of this research is to find factors that are related to the&nbsp; perspective of disability; charity model, medical model, and social model, of&nbsp; students studying in the Department of Public Administration and are about to&nbsp;&nbsp; graduate to become government officials in the future. It has the assumption that the students should have the most of charity and medical model. There are 154 samples in this research by the simple random sampling method and all of them were students studying in the 3rd year of Public Administration Department,&nbsp; College of Politics and Governance, Mahasarakham University. The research tool was questionnaire surveyed through the Google Form application and analyzed by using Chi-square Test of Goodness of Fit and percentage. The study found that students have significantly different perspectives on disability. That is, they have the most perspective on medical and social models while the charity model found the least. The result of this study also conflicts with the hypothesis of this research. As for&nbsp; policy recommendations, firstly, government agencies should have a policy to&nbsp; encourage students to view disabled people as their fellow human beings with the same rights and freedoms. And secondly government agencies should create an&nbsp;&nbsp; image of good service to disabled people.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Cheerawat Charoensuk Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-23 2022-05-23 12 1 133 148 Factors Affecting the Strength of Community Enterprises in Wai Niao Sub-District, Thamaka District, Kanchanaburi Province https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259944 <p>The objectives of this research were to study the strength of community enterprises and factors affecting the strength of community enterprises in Wai Niao Sub-district, Thamaka District, Kanchanaburi Province. Data were collected by a questionnaire survey from a population of 100 presidents and analyzed using descriptive statistics including percentage, average, and standard deviation. Relationships were analyzed by stepwise multiple regression using Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient. Results of the study revealed that the respondents had a high level of knowledge concerning community enterprises and often participated in community-related activities. Factors that were recorded at a high level included using local wisdom to promote agricultural activities and leadership, management of community enterprises, manufacturing of products and services, and self-reliance on the allocation of resources. An analysis of the relationships between the factors determined that agricultural land had a moderately negative relationship with a statistical significance level at .05,while local wisdom had a high positive relationship with statistical significance level at .01 on promoting agricultural activities and leadership. Multiple regression analysis indicated that the variables of leadership and using local wisdom to promote agricultural activities had a positive effect and increased the strength of community enterprises by 33.6% with statistical significance level at .05.</p> <p>The forecast formula from raw scores Ŷ= 1.373 + .294 X8 + .324 X7<br>and the forecast formula from standard scores Ẑ = .358 Z X8 + .311 Z X7</p> Sarawut Krutsiri Nirun Yingyuad Apichart Jai-aree Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 12 1 149 167 The Establishment of Participatory Process and Mechanisms in the Making of Community Plans to Promote Local Goods Case study of Kut Wa, Kuchinarai District, Kalasin Thailand https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259949 <p>The establishment of participatory process and mechanisms in the making of community plans is a study aiming to develop participatory mechanisms in community plans and to investigate participatory factors among various participants and stakeholders relevant to the making of community plans. A qualitative research compiling with an application of Participation Action Research (PAR) approach emphasizing on participation and action practices toward selected sample of 46 individuals retrieved from purposive and snowball sampling methods was manipulated thoroughly in this study. Research results revealed that the leaders of community were found as the main participation-driven ones in community enabling such influential roles as being able to.,(1) Create and provide knowledge to the other group leaders as well as the people in the area. (2) Collect and analyze data together with the people in community. and (3) Proceed with the plans and conduct participatory activities while realizing an evaluation of an outcome was still neglected .Henceforth, there were derivative suggestions drawn from the mutual enhancement of collaborative learning and understanding in the community planning process. 1. The making of a community plan should be changed from occupying community-based planning to be participatory-based planning so that the people can participate more in the process: providing and sharing needs on any circumstances of the community. 2. Local government organizations provide more opportunity and integration for the local in a stage of community planning process. 3. A One-size-fit-all approach is no longer applicable to participatory development in which aimed to emphasize raising quality of participation in local community. 4.There should be no timeframe - based practice in community planning process. 5. In data analysis, separating needs from problems should be manipulated to increase participation mechanisms among the local people as it can be genuinely practicable.</p> Phimlikid Kaewnanam Jariya Intanin Ariya Pongsiri Monchaya Sapanuchart Sukanya Noipang Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-23 2022-05-23 12 1 168 188 Pattern of Women’s Leadership Characteristics in the 21st Century and their Community Development Role in Roi Et Province https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259950 <p>This mixed methods research studied 1) women’s leadership characteristics in the 21<sup>st</sup> century in Roi Et Province, 2) women’s community development role in Roi Et Province, 3) factors affecting women’s leadership characteristics in the 21<sup>st</sup> century toward their community development role in Roi Et Province, and 4) the pattern of women’s leadership characteristics in the 21st century and their community development role in Roi Et Province. Quantitative research samples numbered 400 people. The research instruments were a 5-rating scale questionnaire with a reliability value of .99 and statistics including frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, correlation and multiple linear regression. Quantitative research was conducted by focus group discussions with representatives as 1) local politicians, 2) administrative organizations, 3) community/village leaders, 4) public representatives, 5) private sector, and 6) civil service personnel totaling 18 informants. Content analysis was also implemented. Findings determined that women’s leadership characteristics in the 21<sup>st</sup> century and their community development role in Roi Et Province were at a high level (.01). Seven attributes were identified as Imagination factor, Challenge factor, Presentation factor, Trust factor, Inspiration factor, Contributing factors and Resilience factor. The standardized predictive equation was Z = .40Z7 + .22Z5 + .16Z2 + .13Z12 + .07Z10 + .07Z11 + .05Z6. Women’s leadership characteristics in the 21<sup>st</sup> century and their community development role in Roi Et Province were shown to consist of 13 main factors and 2 additional factors as 1) information skills, and 2) thinking outside the box. </p> Kalaya Upatcha Watcharin Sutthisai Sitthiporn Soonthorn Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-08 2022-04-08 12 1 189 203 The Capacity Building for Flood Disaster Risk Reduction of Ubon Ratchathani City Municipality and Warinchamrab Town Municipality, Ubon Ratchathani Province https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259953 <p>The objectives of this research are to 1) study the flood risk reduction methods of Ubon Ratchathani City Municipality and Warinchamrab Town Municipality, 2) the potentials and limitations of flood management of Ubon Ratchathani City Municipality and Warinchamrab Town Municipality, and 3)suggest the capacity buildings guidelines and measures for flood risk reduction of Ubon Ratchathani City Municipality and Warinchamrab Town Municipality, Ubon Ratchathani Province. The qualitative research and participatory action research were applied for this research. The key informants were selected specifically; executives, supervisors, and officials of Ubon Ratchathani City Municipality and Warinchamrab Town Municipality which related to disaster prevention and mitigation total 22 persons; executives and officials of Ubon Ratchathani Provincial Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Office total 2 persons; and leaders or community representatives in flood risk areas total 51 persons. The research instrument was interview form; collected by interview, focus group, observations, survey, and participatory action forum; and analyzed by grouping, classification, analysis, and content synthesis. The results revealed that 1) Ubon Ratchathani City Municipality and Warinchamrab Town Municipality have used the structural flood risk reduction, such as floodwall, and the non-structural flood risk reduction, such as water levels monitoring, evacuation warning, and special plan for rescuing flood victims. 2) Both municipalities have the good potential for flood management in during flood. However, there are limitations of flood management, such as could not to disburse budgets for flood management before the disaster zones announcing and the evacuation warning that not yet could to build confidence for the community. 3) Recommendations to municipalities for the structural flood risk reduction, such as raising the height of floodwall, and building the two-story house for the community. Whereas, the non-structural flood risk reduction, such as the training about a water level data awareness and understanding, adopting of flood level data and statistics in 2019 as a base for the future flood management, acquisition the more temporary evacuation areas, and evacuation warning improvement to be more accurate and reliable.</p> Eakarat Boonreang Anothai Harasarn Chanaboon Intharaphan Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 12 1 204 224 Factors Influencing Fiscal Autonomy of Local Government: A Case Study of Sub-district Municipality in Sakon Nakhon Province https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259954 <p>The purpose of this research was to assess the factors influencing the autonomy of the fiscal administration of local government through a case study of 65 sub-district municipalities in Sakon Nakhon Province. The informants consisted of the Chief Executive, Chief Administrator and Division Director of Finance of each sub-district municipality totaling 195 people. The tools used for collecting data were a questionnaire survey and interview forms. Statistics used for data analysis comprised multiple regression analysis (Stepwise). Results indicated that organizational and economic factors influenced the fiscal autonomy of local government with statistical significance at the level of 0.05. This concurred with the research hypothesis of an influence on the fiscal autonomy of local government at 33.80 percent. Therefore, laws should be considered to find new means of income and reduce reliance on local governments. Improvements in revenue collection and expenditure by local governments should be supported while encouraging civil society to reduce tax avoidance by its citizens. Local governments should support personnel and finance staff with training to improve their skills and knowledge of updated information systems and program applications regarding taxation to increase revenue collection efficiency.</p> Sumaphon Chaisorn Thanawit Butrudom Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 12 1 225 242 Media Influences on the Political Participation of People in Mueang Pak Municipality, Mueang Pak Sub-district, Pak Thong Chai District, Nakhon Ratchasima Province https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259955 <p>The objectives of this research were to study the level of political participation of people in Mueang Pak Municipality, Mueang Pak Sub-district, Pak Thong Chai, Nakhon Ratchasima province and to study personal factors and Communication channels that affect the political participation of people in Mueang Pak Municipality, Mueang Pak Sub-district, Pak Thong Chai, Nakhon Ratchasima Province.The samples group was 324 people in Mueang Pak Municipality, Mueang Pak Sub-district, Pak Thong Chai, Nakhon Ratchasima Province. The data were collected by using questionnaires and analyzed by using the packaging computer program. Statistical tools employed in data analysis and presented through Percentage, Mean, Standard Deviation and Multiple Classification Analysis. The level of significance for statistical testing was .05. The research findings was as follow. The level of political participation of people in Mueang Pak Municipality, Mueang Pak Sub-district, Pak Thong Chai, Nakhon Ratchasima Province was moderate. According to the hypothesis testing, age, level of education occupation printiong media radio media television media internet medid and personal medid expectation caused difference in the satisfaction. The level of significance for statistical testing was .05. However, gender did not cause any difference in the satisfaction. The level of significance for statistical testing was .05.</p> Pattarika Juthangkul Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 12 1 243 261 Front and Back Cover https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jopag/article/view/259967 Editor Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-08 2022-04-08 12 1